Small wins: Redefining the scale of social problems.

@article{Weick1984SmallWR,
  title={Small wins: Redefining the scale of social problems.},
  author={Karl E. Weick},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  year={1984},
  volume={39},
  pages={40-49}
}
  • K. Weick
  • Published 1984
  • Psychology
  • American Psychologist
The massive scale on which social problems are conceived precludes innovative action because bounded rationality is exceeded and dysfunctional levels of arousal are induced. Reformulation of social issues as mere problems allows for a strategy of small wins wherein a series of concrete, complete outcomes of moderate importance build a pattern that attracts allies and deters opponents. The strategy of small wins incorporates sound psychology and is sensitive to the pragmatics of policymaking… 
A small wins framework to overcome the evaluation paradox of governing wicked problems
TLDR
This paper analyzes how the concept of small wins can contribute to evaluating progress in wicked problem areas in a way that energizes a variety of stakeholders instead of paralyzing them and embraces complexity instead of reverting to taming and overestimation.
Problem-Framing: A perspective on environmental problem-solving
The specter of environmental calamity calls for the best efforts of an involved public. Ironically, the way people understand the issues all too often serves to discourage and frustrate rather than
Cognition in Social Context
Nobel prize winner Jacques Monod was fascinated by the impact of ideas on the fate of human groups. He believed that the power of an idea was independent of its truth. “The performance value of an
“Fools” with Impossible Goals: Mobilizing March’s Technology of Foolishness to Tackle Grand Challenges
  • Yanfei Hu, Claus Rerup
  • Sociology
    Carnegie goes to California: Advancing and Celebrating the Work of James G. March
  • 2021
James March argued that irrational approaches to problem solving and foolishness can be useful for addressing complex problems. Grand challenges are complex problems that often involve “guarded
On the perpetuation of ignorance: system dependence, system justification, and the motivated avoidance of sociopolitical information.
TLDR
The authors suggest that ignorance-as a function of the system justifying tendencies it may activate-may, ironically, breed more ignorance in the contexts of energy, environmental, and economic issues.
Reframing incrementalism: A constructive response to the critics
The concept of incrementalism has been widely cited over the past three decades, yet it has not served as the basis for a cumulatively developing line of empirical and theoretical inquiry. As a
The Psychological Barriers to Performance Management
Why has performance management failed to sweep the world? Why does it live more in rhetoric than reality? Possible explanations include those that are practical, political, managerial, and
Small Wins: Perceptual Focus, Efficacy, and Cooperation in a Stage‐Conjunctive Social Dilemma1
A multi-stage social dilemma was used to explore the notion that focusing on part rather than all of a complex problem would affect self-efficacy and action. In two experiments subjects considered a
LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCE IN PROBLEM-ORIENTED POLICING AND SITUATIONAL PREVENTION : The Positive Functions of Weak Evaluations and the Negative Functions of Strong Ones
Increasing attention is being paid to the systematic review and synthesis of evaluations of large-scale, generic, crime prevention programs. The utility of these syntheses rests on the assumption
The Supply of Environmentalism: Psychological Interventions and Economics
  • E. Glaeser
  • Economics
    Review of Environmental Economics and Policy
  • 2014
Long before behavioral economists began to combine economic theory with discoveries from psychology, environmentalists were nudging and framing and pushing their cause through psychological
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Constructing Social Problems
There is no adequate definition of social problems within sociology, and there is not and never has been a sociology of social problems. That observation is the point of departure of this book. The
Social Science and School Desegregation: Did We Mislead the Supreme Court?
During the deliberations prior to its school desegregation decision in 1954 the Supreme Court had before it a Social Science Statement on the effects of segregation and desegregation. This article
Toward A Theory of Conversion Behavior
That's Interesting!
Answer: Interesting theories deny certain assumptions of their audience, while noninteresting theories affirm certain assumptions of their audience. This answer was arrived at through the examination
LOOKING BACK-A 25-YEAR REVIEW AND APPRAISAL OF SOCIAL PROBLEMS RESEARCH*
The past quarter-century of research in social problems has been marked by a considerable broadening of analytic perspective. This is evident within each of the various specialized fields of social
Comments on Mel Kohn's Paper
When I was a student struggling to become sophisticated in sociology, one of the continual problems I had in reading theory was that I agreed with practically everybody I read. I read Tocqueville and
Bounded rationality, ambiguity, and the engineering of choice
conceptions of bounded rationality. Recently, behavioral studies of choice have examined the second guess, the way preferences are processed in choice behavior. These studies suggest possible
On the Self-Fulfilling Nature of Social Stereotypes.
This paper explores the cognitive and behavioral consequencesof our impressions of other people in the context of social stereotypes. Social stereotypes are a special case of interpersonal
Managerial Response to Changing Environments: Perspectives on Problem Sensing from Social Cognition.
? 1982 by Cornell University. 000 1-8392/82/2704-0548/$00.7 5 This paper characterizes managerial problem sensing, a necessary precondition for managerial activity directed toward organizational
Threat-rigidity effects in organizational behavior: A multilevel analysis.
The authors wish to thank Jeanne Brett, Larry Cummings, Joanne Martin, J. P. Miller, and the anonymousASQ reviewers for their insightful comments on an earlier version of this paper. This paper
...
...