Small but not ephemeral: newly discovered species of Aphelinidae and Trichogrammatidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from Eocene amber

  title={Small but not ephemeral: newly discovered species of Aphelinidae and Trichogrammatidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from Eocene amber},
  author={Roger Burks and John M. Heraty and John Darwin Pinto and David A. Grimaldi},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
New species of fossil Aphelinidae and Trichogrammatidae are described from middle Eocene (Lutetian) Baltic amber (41.3–47.8 Ma). A new subfamily, two new genera and three new species of Aphelinidae are described, with comments on their placement: Phtuaria fimbriae gen.n., sp.n. in Phtuariinae subf.n., Glaesaphytis interregni gen.n., sp.n. and Centrodora brevispinae sp.n. These represent the first described true fossil Aphelinidae. Four new species of Trichogrammatidae are described: Mirufens… 

First described fossil representatives of the parasitoid wasp taxa Asaphesinae n. n. and Eunotinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae sensu lato) from Eocene Baltic amber

ABSTRACT New Baltic amber species of Pteromalidae sensu lato are described, from two different subfamilies, Asaphesinae n. n. and Eunotinae. Asaphesinae is provided as a replacement name for

A new lineage of Cretaceous jewel wasps (Chalcidoidea: Diversinitidae)

Along with mymarid fossils and a few species of uncertain phylogenetic placement, the newly described members of Diversinitidae are among the earliest known chalcidoids and advance the authors' knowledge of their Cretaceous diversity.

Modernisation of the Hymenoptera: ants, bees, wasps, and sawflies of the early Eocene Okanagan Highlands of western North America

An overview of the Okanagan Highlands Hymenoptera to family level and in some cases below that, with a minimum of 25 named families and at least 30 when those tentatively assigned or distinct at family level, but not named are included.

Chrysolampine Wasps (Chalcidoidea: Perilampidae sensu lato) From Baltic Amber

The discovery of four specimens of Chrysolampine wasps from Eocene Baltic amber representing the first fossil record for the subfamily are reported, including Brachyelatus marthae sp.

The earliest Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)

A comparative morphological analysis of known palaeontological data, including those from the late Eocene fossil record, allowed tracing character changes in some morphological structures in members of the family from the middle Eocene, through the lateEocene, to the present.

Conflicting signal in transcriptomic markers leads to a poorly resolved backbone phylogeny of chalcidoid wasps

A transcriptome‐based phylogeny of Chalcidoidea is presented; it is found that poorly resolved relationships could only be marginally improved by adding more genes and taxa and proof‐checking for errors of homology and contamination, and decreasing missing data.

The History of Insect Parasitism and the Mid-Mesozoic Parasitoid Revolution

After the MMPR, in phases 3 and 4 (Late Cretaceous to Recent), parasitoids increased in taxonomic diversity, becoming integrated into food webs that continue to the present day.

Discovery and description of the first known fossil Signiphoridae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)

Chartocerus azizae sp. nov. is described as the first known fossil from the family Signiphoridae, based on two inclusions in the same piece of Eocene Baltic amber (36.7–48.5 million years ago).

The vision of David Grimaldi

This issue has been compiled in recognition of David A. Grimaldi’s remarkable ongoing impact on the fields of paleontology, entomology, and evolutionary biology.



Cales (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea): morphology of an enigmatic taxon with a review of species

A detailed morphological study of Calesinae, a small group of Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) that are parasitoids of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), with an emphasis on Australian species is presented.

A phylogenetic analysis of the genera of Aphelininae (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), with a generic key and descriptions of new taxa

A parsimony analysis of 50 morphological characters for 54 species in 21 genera, including four outgroups (Coccophagus, Eunotiscus, Euryishomyia and Eriaphytis), resulted in three equally parsimonious trees supporting monophyly of all genera except Neophytis.

Two new species of Centrodora (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Aphelinidae), a new genus for Mexico

Several species of Aphelinidae have been used most successfully in classical biological control of insect pests, compared with any other family of parasitoids from Chalcidoidea.


Abstract This is the first paper on Canadian Cretaceous chalcidoid fossils of the families Mymaridae, Trichogrammatidae, and Tetracampidae, based on 54 specimens representing 12 species from Manitoba

Description of Leptoomus janzeni , n. gen. and n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from Baltic amber, and discussion of its relationships and classification relative to Eupelmidae, Tanaostigmatidae and Encyrtidae

Leptoomus janzeni, n. gen. and n. sp., is described from 5 females and 2 males in 7 pieces of Baltic amber. An enlarged acropleuron forming the entire mesopleuron places the taxon within Eupelmidae,

Combined molecular and morphological phylogeny of Eulophidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), with focus on the subfamily Entedoninae

A new combined molecular and morphological phylogeny of the Eulophidae is presented with special reference to the subfamily Entedoninae, and the impact of a small set of historically recognized morphological characters on combined analyses is examined.

Wallaceaphytis: an unusual new genus of parasitoid wasp (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) from Borneo

The new genus and species of Wallaceaphytis, the only member of the large subfamily Aphelininae with four-segmented tarsi, is described from Danum Valley, Sabah, in Malaysian Borneo and is named in honour of Alfred Russel Wallace.

Fossil Eucharitidae and Perilampidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from Baltic Amber

The phylogenetic placement of both genera is discussed based on an analysis of both a combined morphological and molecular (28S and 18S and morphology-only matrix), with some characters revised to reflect variation in Perilampinae.

Phylogenetic implications of the mesofurca in Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera), with emphasis on Aphelinidae

The skeletomusculature of the mesofurcal–mesopostnotal complex is surveyed within the Chalcidoidea and suggests a monophyletic grouping of Cales, Eretmocerus and Trichogrammatidae could render Aphelinidae paraphyletic.

Additions to the Aphelinidae of India (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) — 2. Genus Centrodora Foerster

Nine new species namely, C. bifasciata Hayat and C. lineascapa Hayat recorded are described and a key to the species known from India given.