Small Solutions to Polynomial Equations, and Low Exponent RSA Vulnerabilities

@article{Coppersmith1997SmallST,
  title={Small Solutions to Polynomial Equations, and Low Exponent RSA Vulnerabilities},
  author={Don Coppersmith},
  journal={Journal of Cryptology},
  year={1997},
  volume={10},
  pages={233-260}
}
  • D. Coppersmith
  • Published 1 September 1997
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • Journal of Cryptology
Abstract. We show how to find sufficiently small integer solutions to a polynomial in a single variable modulo N, and to a polynomial in two variables over the integers. The methods sometimes extend to more variables. As applications: RSA encryption with exponent 3 is vulnerable if the opponent knows two-thirds of the message, or if two messages agree over eight-ninths of their length; and we can find the factors of N=PQ if we are given the high order $\frac{1}{4} \log_2 N$ bits of P. 
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