# Small Area Estimation: An Appraisal

@article{Ghosh1994SmallAE, title={Small Area Estimation: An Appraisal}, author={Malay Ghosh and J. N. K. Rao}, journal={Statistical Science}, year={1994}, volume={9}, pages={55-76} }

Small area estimation is becoming important in survey sampling due to a growing demand for reliable small area statistics from both public and private sectors. It is now widely recognized that direct survey estimates for small areas are likely to yield unacceptably large standard errors due to the smallness of sample sizes in the areas. This makes it necessary to "borrow strength" from related areas to find more accurate estimates for a given area or, simultaneously, for several areas. This has…

## 773 Citations

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This paper supplements Ghosh and Rao (1994) by covering the literature over the past five years or so on model-based estimation, and covers several small area models and empirical best linear unbiased prediction (EBLUP), empirical Bayes (EB) and hierarchicalBayes (HB) methods applied to these models.

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