Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Predicts a Different Pattern of Impairment in the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type

@article{Carlson2002SluggishCT,
  title={Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Predicts a Different Pattern of Impairment in the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type},
  author={Caryn L. Carlson and Miranda Mann},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Child \& Adolescent Psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={31},
  pages={123 - 129}
}
  • C. Carlson, M. Mann
  • Published 2 February 2002
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology
Compared 2 groups of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive type (ADHD/IA)-those with high scores on a composite measure of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and those without-using a large, school-based sample of children for which previous comparisons between ADHD subtypes have been reported. Although the 2 groups did not differ on level of attention or learning problems, high-SCT ADHD/IA children were rated by teachers as showing less externalizing… 
Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults.
  • R. Barkley
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 2012
TLDR
It is concluded that SCT may be a separate disorder from ADHD yet with comorbidity occurring in approximately half of all cases of each, and contributed unique variance to EF deficits and psychosocial impairment apart from ADHD inattention and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.
Clinical Differentiation of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children
TLDR
Clinical elevations of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom distributions in a large community sample of children would allow for identifying SCT-only, ADHD- only, and SCT + ADHD clinical groups, and how SCT may fit in diagnostic nosologies and models of psychopathology is discussed.
Social and Academic Impairment in Youth with ADHD, Predominately Inattentive Type and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo
TLDR
The distinctiveness of the high-SCT group, which was primarily evident in social as opposed to academic functioning, provides partial support for the external validity and clinical utility of SCT.
ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Subtype With High Sluggish Cognitive Tempo
TLDR
This study supports revising subtype’s criteria and further studying the hypothesis that ADHD with high SCT constitutes a separate clinical entity.
The Relationship Between Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, Subtypes of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Anxiety Disorders
TLDR
SCT correlated significantly with inattentiveness, regardless of the subtype of ADHD, and correlated with variability in spatial memory; in contrast, there was no correlation between SCT and reaction time.
Distinguishing Sluggish Cognitive Tempo From ADHD in Children and Adolescents: Executive Functioning, Impairment, and Comorbidity
  • R. Barkley
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2013
TLDR
Both disorders were impairing, but ADHD was more severely and pervasively so than SCT, especially in Home-School domains; SCT was most impaired in Community-Leisure domains.
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Symptoms Contribute to Heterogeneity in Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
In general, adults with ADHD combined with SCT symptoms (moderate and severe) had significantly more symptoms of anxiety, depression, and persistent inattention, and had more severe professional and relational impairment compared to ADHD adults without SCT.
Sluggish cognitive tempo in children and adolescents with higher functioning autism spectrum disorders: Social impairments and internalizing symptoms.
TLDR
It is suggested that children with higher functioning ASD and high or medium levels of SCT symptoms could be at higher risk for psychosocial impairments than children withHigher functioning ASD with low levels ofSCT symptoms.
Evaluating the Utility of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Discriminating Among DSM-IV ADHD Subtypes
TLDR
The current results suggest that the inclusion of parent-reported SCT symptoms in the ADHD diagnostic criteria has limited utility for isolating diagnostically meaningful subgroups of the Inattentive type or for enhancing the external validity of the ADHD subtypes in clinic-referred samples.
Comparisons between sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD-restrictive inattentive presentation phenotypes in a clinical ADHD sample
TLDR
Overall, SCT and ADHD-RI groups were distinguished by differential associations with measures of memory and reaction time, and it was found that slower psychomotor speed and longer reaction time scores were related to inattention.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
Behavioral Characteristics of DSM-IV ADHD Subtypes in a School-Based Population
TLDR
Findings support the validity of the DSM-IV ADHD subtypes; all ADHD groups demonstrated impairment relative to controls, but show different patterns of behavioral characteristics.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive subtype.
  • C. Carlson, M. Mann
  • Psychology
    Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 2000
Teacher reports of DSM-IV ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms in schoolchildren.
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence of DSM-IV symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder and age, gender, and comorbidity
Gender differences in children with ADHD, ODD, and co-occurring ADHD/ODD identified in a school population.
TLDR
Comorbidity and gender issues affect the correlates of DBDs, with learning problems higher in ADHD-C, internalizing problems associated only with ODD, and greatest impairment for ADHD- C/ODD groups.
Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a county-wide sample.
TLDR
DSM-IV criteria are likely to increase the prevalence of this disorder in comparison with DSM-III-R rates, but they may better characterize its heterogeneity, as well as identify five factors: opposition/defiance-conduct, inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, anxiety/depression, and stealing-truancy.
Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention deficit disorders in a German elementary school sample.
TLDR
Application of DSM-IV criteria increased total AD/HD prevalence rates by 64% and identified the majority of children with academic and/or behavioral dysfunction, implying that many children screened into these subtypes require further evaluation to ensure appropriate management.
Symptom Properties as a Function of ADHD Type: An Argument for Continued Study of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo
TLDR
It is suggested that (a) Sluggish Tempo items are adequate symptoms for Inattentive Type, or (b) Sl sluggish Tempo may distinguish two subtypes of Inattency Type, which is incompatible with ADHD nosology in DSM-IV.
Attention Deficit Disorder Without Hyperactivity
The publication of the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III; American Psychiatric Association, 1980) brought about major changes in the perception of a
DSM-IV field trials for the disruptive behavior disorders: symptom utility estimates.
TLDR
The results supported the inclusion of more restricted definitions of "lying" and "truancy" to increase their association with a conduct disorder diagnosis and they supported the elimination of "swearing" in the oppositional defiant disorder criteria.
A prospective study of hyperactive boys with conduct problems and normal boys: adolescent and adult criminality.
TLDR
The risk for becoming an adult offender is associated with conduct problems in childhood and serious antisocial behavior (repeat offending) in adolescence, and seriousantisocial behavior in adolescence predicted adult criminality.
...
1
2
3
...