Slow walking speed and cardiovascular death in well functioning older adults: prospective cohort study

  title={Slow walking speed and cardiovascular death in well functioning older adults: prospective cohort study},
  author={Julien Dumurgier and Alexis Elbaz and Pierre Ducimetiere and B{\'e}atrice Tavernier and Annick Alp{\'e}rovitch and Christophe Tzourio},
  journal={The BMJ},
OBJECTIVE To study the relation between low walking speed and the risk of death in older people, both overall and with regard to the main causes of death. [] Key MethodDESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Dijon centre (France) of the Three-City study. PARTICIPANTS 3208 men and women aged >or=65 living in the community, recruited from 1999 to 2001, and followed for an average of 5.1 years.

Treadmill walking speed and survival prediction in men with cardiovascular disease: a 10-year follow-up study

The average speed maintained during a 1 km treadmill walking test is inversely related to survival in patients with cardiovascular disease and is a simple and useful tool for stratifying risk in patients undergoing secondary prevention and cardiac rehabilitation programmes.

Association of walking speed in late midlife with mortality: results from the Whitehall II cohort study

In conclusion, walking speed measured in late midlife seems to be an important marker of mortality risk; multiple factors, in particular inflammatory markers, partially explain this association.

Change in fast walking speed preceding death: results from a prospective longitudinal cohort study.

Both baseline FWS and FWS decline predict mortality, and participants who died during the follow-up had a steeper decline in FWS than the others.

Evaluating the association between walking speed and reduced cardio-cerebrovascular events in hemodialysis patients: a 7-year cohort study

It is suggested that more than the MWS level of Q3 (≥89 m/min in men and ≥85 m /min in women) may serve as important MWS values for disease management in ambulatory HD patients.

Walking Pace Is Associated with Lower Risk of All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality

Walking pace is associated with lower risk of a wide range of important health conditions, independently of overall time spent walking.

Walking Speed Drives the Prognosis of Older Adults with Cardiovascular and Neuropsychiatric Multimorbidity.

Cause-Specific Trajectories Of Terminal Decline In Walking Speed: Evidence From The English Longitudinal Study Of Ageing

Both terminal decline and terminal drop in walking speed in the years preceding death are observed in a large nationally representative sample of older adults aged 60 and over living in England.

Association of gait speed with mortality among the Japanese elderly in the New Integrated Suburban Seniority Investigation Project: a prospective cohort study.

Slow gait speed is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality among younger-elderly people and daily walking was found to modify this association among men.



Association of long-distance corridor walk performance with mortality, cardiovascular disease, mobility limitation, and disability.

Older adults in the community who reported no difficulty walking had a wide range of performance on this extended walking test and performance were important prognostic factors for total mortality, cardiovascular disease, mobility limitation, and mobility disability in persons in their eighth decade.

Measures of lower body function and risk of mortality over 7 years of follow-up.

Evidence is provided that walking speed alone can provide similar information on mortality risk as does a more comprehensive summary measure of physical performance, especially among underserved minority groups where cultural and language barriers may exist.

Gait velocity as a single predictor of adverse events in healthy seniors aged 75 years and older.

GV measurement in the ambulatory setting may allow the detection of healthy elderly people at risk for adverse events and may suggest that simple assessment of GV is enough to predict adverse events in well functioning older persons.

Cross-sectional association between homocysteine and motor function in the elderly

Elevated homocysteine concentrations are associated with worse motor performances in the elderly, and the hypothesis of a vascular contribution to motor function is supported.

Physical Performance in Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Slower Rate of Decline in Patients Who Walk More

It is shown that a self-directed program of walking at least 3 times per week for exercise is associated with a significantly reduced functional decline during the subsequent year in patients with PAD when compared with those who walk less frequently.

Relationship between low cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality in normal-weight, overweight, and obese men.

Low cardiorespiratory fitness was a strong and independent predictor of CVD and all-cause mortality and of comparable importance with that of diabetes mellitus and other CVD risk factors.

Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery.

Performance tests of lower extremity function accurately predict disability across diverse populations and Equations derived from models using both the summary score and the gait speed alone allow for the estimation of risk of disability in community-dwelling populations and provide valuable information for estimating sample size for clinical trials of disability prevention.

Common Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness, Carotid Plaques, and Walking Speed

The results suggest that vascular factors may play an important and under-recognized role in motor function and are associated with worse performances on gait and balance tests.

Association of physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Physical activity is associated with a marked decrease in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in both men and women, even after adjusting for other relevant risk factors.

Relationship between falls and physical performance measures among community-dwelling elderly women in Japan

The findings indicate that poor lower extremity function, especially walking ability, is an important risk factor for falls in elderly Japanese community-dwelling women.