Slow dynamics in the three-dimensional gonihedric model.


We study dynamical aspects of three-dimensional gonihedric spins by using Monte-Carlo methods. These models have a purely geometrical motivation, deriving from string and random surface theory. Here, however, we shall analyze this family of models just from a statistical point of view. In particular, we shall be concerned with their ability to exhibit remarkably slow dynamics and seemingly glassy behavior below a certain temperature T(g), without the need of introducing disorder of any kind. We consider first a Hamiltonian that takes into account only a four-spin term (kappa=0), where a first-order phase transition is well established. By studying the relaxation properties at low temperatures, we confirm that the model exhibits two distinct regimes. For T(g)<T<T(c), with long lived metastability and a supercooled phase, the approach to equilibrium is well described by a stretched exponential. For T<T(g), the dynamics appears to be logarithmic. We provide an accurate determination of T(g). We also determine the evolution of particularly long lived configurations. Next, we consider the case kappa=1, where the plaquette term is absent and the gonihedric action consists in a ferromagnetic Ising with fine-tuned next-to-nearest neighbor interactions. This model exhibits a second order phase transition. The consideration of the relaxation time for configurations in the cold phase reveals the presence of slow dynamics and glassy behavior for any T<T(c). Type-II aging features are exhibited by this model.

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@article{Dimopoulos2002SlowDI, title={Slow dynamics in the three-dimensional gonihedric model.}, author={Panos Dimopoulos and Dom{\`e}nec Espriu and Eduard Jane and Aleix Prats}, journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics}, year={2002}, volume={66 5 Pt 2}, pages={056112} }