Slip in the 1857 and Earlier Large Earthquakes Along the Carrizo Plain, San Andreas Fault

  title={Slip in the 1857 and Earlier Large Earthquakes Along the Carrizo Plain, San Andreas Fault},
  author={Olaf Zielke and J. Ram{\'o}n Arrowsmith and Lisa Grant Ludwig and Sinan Osman Akciz},
  pages={1119 - 1122}
Slip, Tripped, and Faulted Earthquake risk assessment can be improved if we were able to quantify the recurrence and magnitude of slip events. Until recently though, a lack of sophisticated seismometers has forced us to rely on anecdotal evidence from those who survived major earthquakes or to look for clues in the landscape. Zielke et al. (p. 1119, published online 21 January; see the Perspective by Scharer) analyzed high-resolution images of the San Andreas Fault in southern California. The… 

Paleoearthquakes at Frazier Mountain, California delimit extent and frequency of past San Andreas Fault ruptures along 1857 trace

Large earthquakes are infrequent along a single fault, and therefore historic, well‐characterized earthquakes exert a strong influence on fault behavior models. This is true of the 1857 Fort Tejon

Evaluating variability in coseismic slips of paleo-earthquakes using a flight of displaced terraces across the Kamishiro fault, Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line, central Japan

Examining the regularity between events during an earthquake slip leads to an understanding of earthquake recurrence and provides the basis for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. Generally,

Coexisting seismic behavior of transform faults revealed by high-resolution bathymetry

Transform faults have anomalously low rates of seismicity, but it’s not clear whether this reflects persistent earthquake-generating fault patches surrounded by creep, or the presence of creep and

Changing Views of the San Andreas Fault

Data and interpretations are presented providing an exciting new view that questions fault behavior models that have been applied to the south central San Andreas Fault for decades, highlighting the value of revisiting old problems with new techniques.

The Non-Regularity of Earthquake Recurrence in California: Lessons from Long Paleoseismic Records from the San Andreas and San Jacinto Faults in Southern California, and the North Anatolian Fault in Turkey

A long paleoseismic record at Hog Lake on the central San Jacinto fault in southern California documents evidence for 18 surface ruptures in the past 3.8-4 ka. This yields a long-term recurrence

Ground‐rupturing earthquakes on the northern Big Bend of the San Andreas Fault, California, 800 A.D. to Present

Paleoseismic data on the timing of ground‐rupturing earthquakes constrain the recurrence behavior of active faults and can provide insight on the rupture history of a fault if earthquakes dated at

Characteristic slip for five great earthquakes along the Fuyun fault in China

The seismic hazard associated with an individual fault can be assessed from the distributions of slip and recurrence times of earthquakes. However, seismic cycle models 1 that aim to predict rupture

Evidence of Characteristic Earthquakes on Thrust Faults From Paleo‐Rupture Behavior Along the Longmenshan Fault System

The rupture behavior of large‐scale thrust faults has become an increasingly important topic in active tectonic and seismic studies. This is especially true for the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (Mw 7.9),

Deeper penetration of large earthquakes on seismically quiescent faults

The modeling implies that the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake on the San Andreas Fault in Southern California penetrated below the seismogenic zone by at least 3 to 5 kilometers, and suggests that such deeper ruptures may occur on other major fault segments, potentially increasing the associated seismic hazard.

Comment on “Historical perspective on seismic hazard to Hispaniola and the northeast Caribbean region” by U. ten Brink et al.

[1] The analysis of historical earthquakes in the northeastern Caribbean by ten Brink et al. [2011, hereafter TB11] addresses the occurrence of large and destructive historical earthquakes associated



Climate-Modulated Channel Incision and Rupture History of the San Andreas Fault in the Carrizo Plain

It is found that offset channels in the Carrizo Plain incised less frequently than they were offset by earthquakes, which reveals a more complex rupture history than previously assumed for the structurally simplest section of the San Andreas Fault.

Slip along the San Andreas fault associated with the great 1857 earthquake

Historical records indicate that several meters of lateral slip along the San Andreas fault accompanied the great 1857 earthquake in central and southern California. These records, together with

Fault behavior and characteristic earthquakes: Examples from the Wasatch and San Andreas Fault Zones

Paleoseismological data for the Wasatch and San Andreas fault zones have led to the formulation of the characteristic earthquake model, which postulates that individual faults and fault segments tend

Holocene activity of the San Andreas fault at Wallace Creek

Wallace Creek is an ephemeral stream in central California, the present channel of which displays an offset of 128 m along the San Andreas fault. Geological investigations have elucidated the

Serial ruptures of the San Andreas fault, Carrizo Plain, California, revealed by three‐dimensional excavations

[1] It is poorly known if fault slip repeats regularly through many earthquake cycles. Well-documented measurements of successive slips rarely span more than three earthquake cycles. In this paper,

Displacement and Geometrical Characteristics of Earthquake Surface Ruptures: Issues and Implications for Seismic-Hazard Analysis and the Process of Earthquake Rupture

There now exist about three dozen historical earthquakes for which in- vestigators have constructed maps of earthquake rupture traces accompanied by de- scriptions of the coseismic slip observed

Lateral Offsets on Surveyed Cultural Features Resulting from the 1999 İzmit and Düzce Earthquakes, Turkey

Surveys of offset linear cultural features that cross the surface ruptures of the 17 August and 12 November 1999 earthquakes on the North Anatolian fault in Turkey yield slip values as large as or

Surface Rupture and Slip Distribution of the Denali and Totschunda Faults in the 3 November 2002 M 7.9 Earthquake, Alaska

The 3 November 2002 Denali fault, Alaska, earthquake resulted in 341 km of surface rupture on the Susitna Glacier, Denali, and Totschunda faults. The rupture proceeded from west to east and began

Coseismic reverse- and oblique-slip surface faulting generated by the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, China

The Mw 7.9 Wenchuan, China, earthquake ruptured two large thrust faults along the Long-menshan thrust belt at the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. This earthquake generated a 240-km-long