Slightly weathered Exxon Valdez oil persists in Gulf of Alaska beach sediments after 16 years.

@article{Short2007SlightlyWE,
  title={Slightly weathered Exxon Valdez oil persists in Gulf of Alaska beach sediments after 16 years.},
  author={Jeffrey W. Short and Gail V. Irvine and Daniel H. Mann and Jacek M. Maselko and Jerome J. Pella and Mandy R. Lindeberg and James Roland Payne and William B. Driskell and Stanley D. Rice},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  year={2007},
  volume={41 4},
  pages={
          1245-50
        }
}
Oil stranded by the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill has persisted in subsurface sediments of exposed shores for 16 years. With annualized loss rates declining from approximately 68% yr(-1) prior to 1992 to approximately 4% yr(-1) after 2001, weathering processes are retarded in both sediments and residual emulsified oil ("oil mousse"), and retention of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is prolonged. The n-alkanes, typically very readily oxidized by microbes, instead remain abundant in many… CONTINUE READING

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