Sleep selectively enhances memory expected to be of future relevance.

@article{Wilhelm2011SleepSE,
  title={Sleep selectively enhances memory expected to be of future relevance.},
  author={Ines Wilhelm and Susanne Diekelmann and Ina Molzow and Amr Ayoub and Matthias M{\"o}lle and Jan Born},
  journal={The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience},
  year={2011},
  volume={31 5},
  pages={1563-9}
}
The brain encodes huge amounts of information, but only a small fraction is stored for a longer time. There is now compelling evidence that the long-term storage of memories preferentially occurs during sleep. However, the factors mediating the selectivity of sleep-associated memory consolidation are poorly understood. Here, we show that the mere expectancy that a memory will be used in a future test determines whether or not sleep significantly benefits consolidation of this memory. Human… CONTINUE READING
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