Sleep-related movement disorders.

  title={Sleep-related movement disorders.},
  author={Michael H. Silber},
  volume={19 1 Sleep Disorders},
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This article reviews the sleep-related movement disorders, including restless legs syndrome (RLS; Willis-Ekbom disease), periodic limb movement disorder, rhythmic movement disorders, sleep-related bruxism, and sleep-related leg cramps. RECENT FINDINGS The prevalence of clinically significant RLS is 1.5% to 3.0%. The pathophysiology of RLS may involve abnormal iron transport across the blood-brain barrier and down-regulation of putaminal D2 receptors. The availability of the… CONTINUE READING