Sleep-disordered breathing: autonomic mechanisms and arrhythmias.

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is present in at least 2% to 4% of the general population. Central sleep apnea (CSA), though less common, is highly prevalent in patients with heart failure. Both forms of sleep apnea exert strong modulatory effects on the autonomic nervous system at night through a number of mechanisms including central respiratory-cardiac… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.pcad.2008.06.002

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