Sleep cyclic alternating pattern and cognition in children: a review.


Several studies have been recently focused on the relationship between sleep cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) and daytime cognitive performance, supporting the idea that the CAP slow components may play a role in sleep-related cognitive processes. Based on the results of these reports, it can be hypothesized that the analysis of CAP might be helpful in characterizing sleep microstructure patterns of different phenotypes of intellectual disability and a series of studies has been carried out that are reviewed in this paper. First the studies exploring the correlations between CAP and cognitive performance in normal adults and children are described; then, those analyzing the correlation between CAP and cognitive patterns of several developmental conditions with neurocognitive dysfunction (with or without mental retardation) are reported in detail in order to achieve a unitary view of the role of CAP in these conditions that allows to detect a particular "sleep microstructure phenotype" of children with neurologic/neuropsychiatric disorders.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.07.009
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@article{Novelli2013SleepCA, title={Sleep cyclic alternating pattern and cognition in children: a review.}, author={Luana Novelli and Raffaele Ferri and Oliviero Bruni}, journal={International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology}, year={2013}, volume={89 2}, pages={246-51} }