Sleep and the single neuron: the role of global slow oscillations in individual cell rest

@article{Vyazovskiy2013SleepAT,
  title={Sleep and the single neuron: the role of global slow oscillations in individual cell rest},
  author={Vladyslav V Vyazovskiy and Kenneth D Harris},
  journal={Nature Reviews Neuroscience},
  year={2013},
  volume={14},
  pages={443-451}
}
Sleep is universal in animals, but its specific functions remain elusive. We propose that sleep's primary function is to allow individual neurons to perform prophylactic cellular maintenance. Just as muscle cells must rest after strenuous exercise to prevent long-term damage, brain cells must rest after intense synaptic activity. We suggest that periods of reduced synaptic input ('off periods' or 'down states') are necessary for such maintenance. This in turn requires a state of globally… CONTINUE READING
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