Sleep and Athletic Performance: The Effects of Sleep Loss on Exercise Performance, and Physiological and Cognitive Responses to Exercise

@article{Fullagar2014SleepAA,
  title={Sleep and Athletic Performance: The Effects of Sleep Loss on Exercise Performance, and Physiological and Cognitive Responses to Exercise},
  author={Hugh H. K. Fullagar and Sabrina Skorski and Rob Duffield and Daniel Hammes and Aaron J. Coutts and Tim Meyer},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2014},
  volume={45},
  pages={161-186}
}
Although its true function remains unclear, sleep is considered critical to human physiological and cognitive function. Equally, since sleep loss is a common occurrence prior to competition in athletes, this could significantly impact upon their athletic performance. Much of the previous research has reported that exercise performance is negatively affected following sleep loss; however, conflicting findings mean that the extent, influence, and mechanisms of sleep loss affecting exercise… 
Sleep Hygiene for Optimizing Recovery in Athletes: Review and Recommendations.
TLDR
The effects of sleep deprivation and sleep extension on athletic performance, including reaction time, accuracy, strength and endurance, and cognitive function are summarized.
Sleep and Athletic Performance
  • A. Watson
  • Education
    Current sports medicine reports
  • 2017
TLDR
This review attempts to highlight the recent literature regarding sleep issues in athletes, the effects of sleep on athletic performance, and interventions to enhance proper sleep in athletes.
Sleep in sports: A short summary of alterations in sleep/wake patterns and the effects of sleep loss and jet-lag
TLDR
This review article aims to summarise general aspects regarding sleep and sports, which indicates that sleep of elite athletes is highly influenced by training stimuli and external as well as internal factors, and sleep, mood and some physiological measures are affected due to shift in time zones.
The Impact of Sleep Duration on Performance Among Competitive Athletes: A Systematic Literature Review.
TLDR
The relationship between sleep duration and sleep quality and objective athletic performance among competitive athletes across 19 studies representing 12 sports is reviewed and it is found that the sports requiring speed, tactical strategy, and technical skill are most sensitive to sleep duration manipulations.
The Effects of Sleep Loss on Military Physical Performance
TLDR
Evidence on the effect of inadequate sleep on measures of aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, muscular strength and muscular endurance in military personnel is investigated to establish the relationship between sleep loss and physical performance in military populations.
The Importance of Sleep in Athletes
TLDR
Overall, for understanding the athlete’s sleep patterns/responses and to optimize the recovery strategies, it is crucial for comprehensive monitoring of his/her health, performance, fitness, and fatigue status.
Sleep and Recovery in Team Sport: Current Sleep-Related Issues Facing Professional Team-Sport Athletes.
TLDR
Examining the factors that compromise sleep during a season and after competition and discusses strategies that may help improve sleep in team-sport athletes finds naps, sleep extension, and sleep-hygiene practices appear advantageous to performance.
The Effect of Sleep Quality and Quantity on Athlete's Health and Perceived Training Quality
TLDR
In conclusion, university athletes who maintain good sleep habits are less likely to suffer problems associated with elevated stress levels and Educating athletes, coaches, and trainers of the signs and symptoms of excessive stress (including sleep deprivation) may help reduce maladaptation and improve athlete's outcomes.
Effects of Acute Sleep Loss on Physical Performance: A Systematic and Meta-Analytical Review
Sleep loss may influence subsequent physical performance. Quantifying the impact of sleep loss on physical performance is critical for individuals involved in athletic pursuits. Systematic review and
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 241 REFERENCES
Role of sleep in performance and recovery of athletes: A review article
TLDR
Insight is provided into the role of sleep in physiological growth and repair, neuro-muscular performance, cognitive functioning and memory, emotional well-being, and immune function, as well as factors affecting quality sleep.
Sleep loss and subsequent exercise performance.
TLDR
The slow evolution of understanding of sleep-wake regulation hints that sleeplessness has other subtle central and peripheral effects, but the implications for exercise performance are unknown.
Sleep loss and subsequent exercise performance.
  • B. Martin
  • Psychology, Biology
    Acta physiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum
  • 1988
TLDR
The slow evolution of understanding of sleep-wake regulation hints that sleeplessness has other subtle central and peripheral effects, but the implications for exercise performance are unknown.
Sleep, recovery, and performance: the new frontier in high-performance athletics.
Effect of sleep deprivation on tolerance of prolonged exercise
  • B. Martin
  • Psychology
    European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
  • 2006
TLDR
The findings suggest that the psychological effects of acute sleep loss may contribute to decreased tolerance of prolonged heavy exercise.
Exercise and sleep.
TLDR
The epidemiological and experimental evidence for whether or not acute and chronic exercise promote sleep is discussed, as well as moderating factors and agendas for future directions of study.
Adverse effects of modest sleep restriction on sleepiness, performance, and inflammatory cytokines.
TLDR
It is concluded that in young men and women, modest sleep loss is associated with significant sleepiness, impairment of psychomotor performance, and increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines.
Neurocognitive consequences of sleep deprivation.
TLDR
Performance deficits associated with sleep disorders are often viewed as a simple function of disease severity; however, recent experiments suggest that individual vulnerability to sleep loss may play a more critical role than previously thought.
Effects of training volume on sleep, psychological, and selected physiological profiles of elite female swimmers.
TLDR
Slow wave sleep (SWS) formed a very high percentage of total sleep in the onset and peak training periods, but was significantly reduced following precompetition taper, supporting the theory that the need for restorative SWS is reduced with reduced physical demand.
...
...