Sleep Paralysis and the Structure of Waking-Nightmare Hallucinations

@article{Cheyne2003SleepPA,
  title={Sleep Paralysis and the Structure of Waking-Nightmare Hallucinations},
  author={J. A. Cheyne},
  journal={Dreaming},
  year={2003},
  volume={13},
  pages={163-179}
}
Sleep paralysis (SP) entails a period of paralysis upon waking or falling asleep and is often accompanied by terrifying hallucinations. These hallucinations constitute a waking nightmare (w-nightmare) REM experience and are the original referents of the term “nightmare.” W-nightmare hallucinations are described by a three-factor structure involving experiences consistent with 1) threatening intruders, 2) physical assaults, and 3) vestibular-motor (V-M) bodily sensations. The present study… Expand
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