Slave Trade and Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes and Subgenotypes in Haiti and Africa

  title={Slave Trade and Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes and Subgenotypes in Haiti and Africa},
  author={Iris E. Andernach and Claudine Nolte and Jean William Pape and Claude P. Muller},
  booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases},
In Haiti, >90% of the population descended from African slaves. Of 7,147 Haitian pregnant women sampled, 44% of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections were caused by genotype A1, which today is found mainly in eastern Africa. Twenty percent belong to a rare subgenotype, A5, which has been found only in the former Bight of Benin, a former primary slave trading post. Haitian A subgenotypes appear to have separated early from the African subgenotypes; the most prevalent genotype and subgenotype in… CONTINUE READING
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