# Skyrmions and Faddeev-Hopf solitons

@article{Ward2004SkyrmionsAF, title={Skyrmions and Faddeev-Hopf solitons}, author={Richard Samuel Ward}, journal={Physical Review D}, year={2004}, volume={70}, pages={061701} }

This paper describes a natural one-parameter family of generalized Skyrme systems, which includes the usual SU(2) Skyrme model and the Skyrme-Faddeev system. Ordinary Skyrmions resemble polyhedral shells, whereas the Hopf-type solutions of the Skyrme-Faddeev model look like closed loops, possibly linked or knotted. By looking at the minimal-energy solutions in various topological classes, and for various values of the parameter, we see how the polyhedral Skyrmions deform into looplike Hopf…

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