Skin lightening practices: an epidemiological study of South African women of African and Indian ancestries

  title={Skin lightening practices: an epidemiological study of South African women of African and Indian ancestries},
  author={Ncoza Cordelia Dlova and Sayed Hassani Mir Hamed and Joyce Mahlako Tsoka-Gwegweni and Anneke C. Grobler},
  journal={British Journal of Dermatology},
Cutaneous adverse sequelae of skin lightening creams present with myriad skin complications and affect dermatology practice, particularly in sub‐Saharan Africa where such products are widely used, with a prevalence of 25–67%. 

Trends in Use of Prescription Skin Lightening Creams

It is the dermatologist’s duty to gauge the effect of the pigmentation disease on patients’ life in order to counsel, tailor, and decide on the most appropriate treatment option.

Bleaching and skin‐lightening practice among female students in South India: A cross‐sectional survey

Bleaching with skin‐lightening preparations is a common practice in our society. Particularly, a practice simply known as “bleaching”—referring to application of skin‐lightening chemicals including

A Review of Motivations for Engaging In Cosmetic-Skin Lightening Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa and Mechanisms of Actions of Commonly Used Whitening Agents

The practice of cosmetic skin lightening in sub-Saharan Africa is explored, motivations for engaging in the practice are explored and mechanisms of actions of hydroquinone and corticosteroids are examined.

Skin cancer awareness and sunscreen use among outpatients of a South African hospital: need for vigorous public education

There is a worrying lack of knowledge about skin cancer and sun protection behaviours among all South Africans, and it is imperative to target each population with effective, culturally sensitive educational programmes.

The phenomenon of skin lightening: Is it right to be light?

This review provides both clinical and social perspectives on skin lightener use in Africa and recommends better implementation of policies and greater ethical responsibility of multinational cosmetic companies in addition to a system of random product testing and penalties that could improve industry compliance.

Subjective and objective skin colour of a farmworker group in the Limpopo Province, South Africa

  • Karlien LindeC. WrightJ. D. du Plessis
  • Medicine
    Skin research and technology : official journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging
  • 2020
Evaluated the subjective and objective skin colour of a group of farmworkers in order to classify the natural photoprotection provided by melanin and to evaluate the different measurement methods.



Skin diseases associated with the cosmetic use of bleaching products in women from Dakar, Senegal

The cosmetic use of bleaching products is considered a common practice in dark‐skinned women from sub‐Saharan Africa, but there are few studies on this subject.

The spectrum of skin diseases in a black population in Durban, KwaZulu‐Natal, South Africa

There are no published data on the epidemiology of skin disorders in Durban, KwaZulu‐Natal and the implications for provision of dermatology services and distribution of resources are unclear.

Incidence of common dermatoses in a predominantly black dermatologic practice.

The most common dermatosis noted was acne vulgaris, followed by eczema, pigmentary disorders, seborrheic dermatitis, and alopecias, and new trends in common dermatoses in private black patients were found.

Skin‐lightening practice among women living in Jordan: prevalence, determinants, and user’s awareness

This study investigates the determinants, the prevalence and users awareness associated with the use and misuse of skin‐lightening products among women living in Jordan.

Aesthetic problems associated with the cosmetic use of bleaching products

The aim of this work was to study the epidemiologic, clinical, and cosmetic aspects of these complications in order to produce better therapeutic guidelines for their management in women from sub‐Saharan Africa.

Exogenous ochronosis: an epidemiological study

Even products limited to 2% hydroquinone or less, and combined with a sunscreen, were found to cause ochronosis.

An epidemiological survey of the use of cosmetic skin lightening cosmetics among traders in Lagos, Nigeria.

  • S. Adebajo
  • Medicine
    West African journal of medicine
  • 2002
Of eleven dermatological side effects that were reported, exogenous ochronosis was the commonest and Recommendations on how to correct this ill in the society have been proffered.

Skin‐lightening creams used in Durban, South Africa

The clinical findings can be graded into mild (coarsening and darkening of the skin), moderate (large black papules with normal skin in between), and severe (black, caviar-like papules) ochronosis.

Communication on the dangers and abuse of skin lighteners in Africa

could not find any suggestive dermoscopic vascular images in dermoscopy. We retrospectively evaluated that the dark brown rounded structures in a dark bluish structureless lesion resembled the