Skin absorption from patch test systems.

Abstract

The development of topical drug products requires testing for skin toxicology reactions. A variety of patch test systems are available with which chemicals are applied to skin. The purpose of this study was to determine the skin absorption of paraphenylenediamine (PPDA) from a variety of such systems. [14C]-PPDA (1% pet., USP) was placed in a variety of patch test systems at a concentration normalized to equal surface area (2 mg/mm2). Skin absorption was determined in the guinea pig by urinary excretion of 14C. There was a six-fold difference in the range of skin absorption (p less than 0.02). In decreasing order, % skin absorption from the systems were Hill Top Chamber (53.4 +/- 20.6) greater than Teflon Control patch (48.6 +/- 9.3) greater than Small Finn Chamber with paper disc insert (34.1 +/- 19.8) greater than Small Finn Chamber (29.8 +/- 9.0) greater than Large Finn Chamber (23.1 +/- 7.3) greater than AL-Test Chamber (8.0 +/- 0.8). Thus, the choice of patch system could produce a false negative error if the system inhibits skin absorption, with a subsequent skin toxicology reaction.

Cite this paper

@article{Kim1987SkinAF, title={Skin absorption from patch test systems.}, author={Hyung Ok Kim and Ronald C. Wester and Jacqueline McMaster and Daniel A. W. Bucks and Howard Ira Maibach}, journal={Contact dermatitis}, year={1987}, volume={17 3}, pages={178-80} }