Skills of divided attention

  title={Skills of divided attention},
  author={Elizabeth S. Spelke and William Hirst and Ulric Neisser},
Abstract Two subjects read short stories while writing lists of words at dictation. After some weeks of practice, they were able to write words, discover relations among dictated words, and categorize words for meaning, while reading for comprehension at normal speed. The performance of these subjects is not consistent with the notion that there are fixed limits to attentional capacity. 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Are We Any Closer to Understanding Divided Attention?
  • U. Fuhrer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1985
A replication of work by Hirst, Neisser, and Spelke, which requires extensive practice on two coupled tasks (reading and writing) at once is reported, highlighting the importance of individual differences in any consideration of divided attention. Expand
Dividing Attention Without Alternation or Automaticity
SUMMARY Spelke, Hirst, and Neisser trained two subjects to copy unrelated words at dictation as they read and understood stories. The subjects' success was interpreted as evidence against theExpand
Reading while listening: A linear model of selective attention
The first of two experiments measured the performance of 27 subjects on pairs of concurrent verbal tasks. Subjects monitored auditory sentences for stop consonants, adjectives, or time referenceExpand
The Development of Children's Writing
Readers and evaluators of children's writing still fall back on deficit explanations; papers are read for signs of what they lack rather than signs of growth. Presented here is a model that predictsExpand
Reading for Meaning: The Effects of Concurrent Articulation*
Six experiments are reported which examine the assertion that phonological recoding for the purpose of lexical access in visual word recognition is prevented or impaired by concurrent articulationExpand
Can practice result in the ability to divide attention between two complex language tasks? Comment on Hirst et al.
  • M. Lucas, D. Bub
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. General
  • 1981
This study is inconclusive and fails to elucidate the nature of the changes in processing that occur, so the conclusion that true divided attention is possible after training can only be made if evaluated against several criteria of automatic performance. Expand
Object Naming, Vocabulary Growth, and the Development of Word Retrieval Abilities☆
Previous research suggests that during a time of rapid growth in productive vocabulary, children are especially susceptible to errors of retrieval. These errors consist of words known to the childExpand
The Influence of Expertise in Simultaneous Interpreting on Non-Verbal Executive Processes
Simultaneous interpreters outperformed bilinguals and monolinguals on the WCST by showing reduced number of attempts to infer the rule, few errors, and few previous-category perseverations, and results suggest that experience in interpreting is associated with changes in control processes required to perform interpreting tasks. Expand
The Psychology of Attention
Early work on attention selective report and interference effects in visual attention the nature of visual attenion combining the attributes of objects and visual search selection for action taskExpand
Going beyond the information given: a neural system supporting semantic interpretation
This work identified the left SFG as an executive component of a distributed cognitive system that relates a word's meaning to its semantic context to facilitate comprehension. Expand


Memory While Shadowing
  • D. Norman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1969
It is demonstrated that subjects have no memory for two-digit numbers if they must continue to shadow for 20 sec before being tested on their memory for the digits, but if tested immediately after the digit presentation, they do remember some digits. Expand
Moray vs. the Rest: The Effects of Extended Shadowing Practice
  • G. Underwood
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1974
A single highly skilled shadower using a task requiring the detection of digits embedded in dichotic lists of letters, with attention being directed to one list by use of the shadow technique was able to detect considerably more digits. Expand
Memory for nonattended auditory material
Abstract Subjects performed a dichotic listening task. They shadowed prose in one ear and attempted, after delays ranging from 0.3 to 20.3 sec, to recall single digits that had been embedded in proseExpand
On the Division of Attention: A Disproof of the Single Channel Hypothesis
In two experiments reported here, it is shown that people can attend to and repeat back continuous speech at the same time as taking in complex, unrelated visual scenes, or even while sight-reading piano music. Expand
心理学原理 = The principles of psychology
Arguably the greatest single work in the history of psychology. James's analyses of habit, the nature of emotion, the phenomenology of attention, the stream of thought, the perception of space, andExpand
Automatic Writing.
  • 思凱
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • British medical journal
  • 1894
One that the authors will refer to to break the boredom in reading is choosing automatic writing as the reading material. Expand
Semantic processing of unattended messages using dichotic listening.
  • J. Lewis
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology
  • 1970
Normal motor automatism.
La simultan&t& des actes psychiques
  • Revue Scientifique
  • 1887