Size quantization in planar graphene-based heterostructures: Pseudospin splitting, interface states, and excitons

  title={Size quantization in planar graphene-based heterostructures: Pseudospin splitting, interface states, and excitons},
  author={Pavel V. Ratnikov and A. P. Silin},
  journal={Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics},
A planar quantum-well device made of a gapless graphene nanoribbon with edges in contact with gapped graphene sheets is examined. The size-quantization spectrum of charge carriers in an asymmetric quantum well is shown to exhibit a pseudospin splitting. Interface states of a new type arise from the crossing of dispersion curves of gapless and gapped graphene materials. The exciton spectrum is calculated for a planar graphene quantum well. The effect of an external electric field on the exciton… 
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