Sixty-two years of fighting hunger: personal recollections

  title={Sixty-two years of fighting hunger: personal recollections},
  author={Norman E. Borlaug},
International wheat breeding began 60 years ago in the Mexican-Rockefeller Foundation Office of Special Studies. A novel technique of shuttle breeding was adopted in Mexico, enabling photoperiod sensitivity to be overcome, a pivotal step in creating internationally adapted spring wheat germplasm that eventually spread throughout the world. The high-yielding technologies developed in Mexico helped revolutionize cereal production during the 1960s and 1970s, and came to be known as the “Green… 
Bread wheat: a role model for plant domestication and breeding
The aim of this work is to briefly review wheat breeding, with emphasis on the current advances, and a revolution has taken place regarding the use of molecular markers whereby thousands of plants can be routinely genotyped for thousands of loci.
Challenges to international wheat breeding
This special issue of Euphytica contains selected articles from talks given at the global symposium Challenges to International Wheat Improvement that was organized by the International Maize and
Increasing Food Production in Africa by Boosting the Productivity of Understudied Crops
The Green Revolution has enabled Asian countries to boost their crop production enormously. However, Africa has not benefitted from this agricultural revolution since it did not consider local, but
African Orphan Crops under Abiotic Stresses: Challenges and Opportunities
The diversity and types of understudied crops will be introduced, and the beneficial traits of these crops as well as their role in the socioeconomics of Africa will be discussed.
Quo vadis wheat breeding: a case study in Central Europe
The results of this study indicated the need to broaden the genetic diversity of bread wheat by including landraces and possibly wild relatives of crops in new breeding or prebreeding programmes.
Toward Participatory Plant Breeding
Green Revolution was a huge success that spearheaded agricultural research for several decades and played an important role in feeding the world by significantly increasing food production mainly in
Critical Abiotic Factors Affecting Implementation of Technological Innovations in Rice and Wheat Production:A Review
The review will argumentatively analyse few critical stressors that limit the successful implementation of technological innovations to sustain the rice/wheat crop production and resilience building in the millennia.
Nazareno Strampelli, the ‘Prophet’ of the green revolution
A century after the key cross in which Strampelli used the genes for short straw and earliness in wheat breeding, his name and his work are not known and appreciated as they deserve, despite the recent evidence that the resistance to the new rust races could derive from the very same resistance genes identified by the Italian breeder at the beginning of the 20th century.
Conventional and Molecular Techniques from Simple Breeding to Speed Breeding in Crop Plants: Recent Advances and Future Outlook
Recent findings on several aspects of crop breeding are summarized to describe the evolution of plant breeding practices, from traditional to modern speed breeding combined with genome editing tools, which aim to produce crop generations with desired traits annually.
Harnessing Genetic Diversity of Wild Gene Pools to Enhance Wheat Crop Production and Sustainability: Challenges and Opportunities
Examples will be provided of various types of stable introgressions, including pyramiding of different alien genes/QTL, into the background of bread and durum wheat genotypes, representing valuable materials for both species to respond to the needed novelty in current and future breeding programs.