Six-year follow-up of botulinum toxin A intradetrusorial injections in patients with refractory neurogenic detrusor overactivity: clinical and urodynamic results.

@article{Giannantoni2009SixyearFO,
  title={Six-year follow-up of botulinum toxin A intradetrusorial injections in patients with refractory neurogenic detrusor overactivity: clinical and urodynamic results.},
  author={Antonella Giannantoni and Ettore Mearini and Michele del Zingaro and Massimo Porena},
  journal={European urology},
  year={2009},
  volume={55 3},
  pages={705-11}
}
BACKGROUND Most reports in the literature on botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) therapy for neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) are based on the results of a single injection. Because most patients may require retreatment, the efficacy and safety of multiple injections must be addressed clearly. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness and safety of BoNTA intradetrusorial injections in a group of spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients with refractory detrusor overactivity (DO). DESIGN, SETTING, AND… CONTINUE READING

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Six - year follow - up of botulinum toxin A intradetrusorial injections in patients with refractory neurogenic detrusor overactivity : clinical and urodynamic results

  • A Giannantoni, E Mearini, M DelZingaro, M Porena
  • Eur Urol
  • 2009

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