Six problems for causal inference from fMRI

  title={Six problems for causal inference from fMRI},
  author={Joseph Ramsey and Stephen Jose Hanson and Catherine Hanson and Yaroslav O. Halchenko and Russell A. Poldrack and Clark Glymour},
  volume={49 2},
Neuroimaging (e.g. fMRI) data are increasingly used to attempt to identify not only brain regions of interest (ROIs) that are especially active during perception, cognition, and action, but also the qualitative causal relations among activity in these regions (known as effective connectivity; Friston, 1994). Previous investigations and anatomical and physiological knowledge may somewhat constrain the possible hypotheses, but there often remains a vast space of possible causal structures. To… CONTINUE READING