Six new species of Epicephala Meyrick, 1880 (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) associated with Phyllanthaceae plants

  title={Six new species of Epicephala Meyrick, 1880 (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) associated with Phyllanthaceae plants},
  author={Jing Zhang and Bingbing Hu and Shuxia Wang and Houhun Li},
Six new species of Epicephala Meyrick, 1880 are described based on the specimens collected or reared from Breynia and Glochidion plants during a biological survey: E. lanceolaria sp. nov., E. lativalvaris sp. nov., E. mirivalvata sp. nov., E. vitisidaea sp. nov., E. bipollenella sp. nov., and E. eriocarpa sp. nov. These species are obligate pollinators of Phyllanthaceae plants. Photographs of adults and illustrations of genital structures are provided. 

Four new species of Epicephala Meyrick, 1880 (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) associated with two species of Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) from Hainan Island in China

Abstract Four new Epicephala species that feed on the seeds of Glochidion sphaerogynum (Phyllanthaceae) from Yinggeling Mountain Nature Reserves in Hainan Province of China are described: Epicephala

Three new species of Epicephala Meyrick (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) associated with Phyllanthus microcarpus (Benth.) (Phyllanthaceae)

Abstract Three new species of Epicephala Meyrick, 1880 are described based on specimens reared from fruits of Phyllanthus microcarpus (Benth.): Epicephala microcarpa sp. n. and Epicephala laeviclada

The biology and survival strategy of Epicephala sp.(Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

[Objectives] To investigate the survival strategies of Epicephala sp., in particular those pertaining to the coevolutionary relationship between it and the plant Glochidion sphaerogynum(Muller

Diversity of Pollinator Moths

Gracillariid moths are thus unique among insects in that they undergo hypermetamorphosis, a process by which some larval instars become functionally and morphologically distinct from other instars.

Diffuse Coevolution between Two Epicephala Species (Gracillariidae) and Two Breynia Species (Phyllanthaceae)

Study results showed that the two Epicephala species jointly pollinated the two Breynia species, which led to a unique obligate pollination mutualism of two−to−two species specificity.

Laboratory Mating of Mutualistic Seed-Parasitic Moth Epicephala bipollenella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)

The results suggest that E. bipollenella is a multiple-brooded species and the establishing of a method for successfully rearing insect pollinators will be a breakthrough for ecological and evolutionary studies of mutualistic interactions.

The Mutual Adaption Between the Ovipositor of Epicephala eriocarpa and the Style of Glochidion eriocarpum

Specialization of adaptive devices can reflect the coevolution of closely interactive relationship between partners in mutualism. Glochidion eriocarpum and Epicephala eriocarpa have formed a strict

The Similarity of Floral Scent Composition in Two Breynia Species Pollinated by the Same Host-Specific Epicephala Moth

Floral scent has been thought to play a critical role in the obligate pollination–seed consumption mutualism between Breynia (Phyllanthaceae) species and Epicephala moths. The two closely related

Interspecific and Intersexual Differences in the Chemical Composition of Floral Scent in Glochidion Species (Phyllanthaceae) in South China

The findings suggest that the volatile variation of floral scent among Glochidion species reflects adaptations to specific pollinators, and sexual dimorphism in floral scent has evolved to signal alternative rewards provided by each sex to Epicephala moths.