Six Studies of Out-of-Body Experiences

  title={Six Studies of Out-of-Body Experiences},
  author={Charles T. Tart},
  journal={Journal of Near-Death Studies},
  • C. Tart
  • Published 1 June 1998
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Near-Death Studies
Because of confusion between science and scientism, many people react negatively to the idea of scientific investigation of near-death experiences (NDEs), but genuine science can contribute a great deal to understanding NDEs and helping experiencers integrate their experiences with everyday life. After noting how scientific investigation of certain parapsychological phenomena has established a wider world view that must take NDEs seriously, I review six studies of a basic component of the NDE… 

Out of Body Experience Induced by Hypnotic Suggestion: Phenomenology and Perceptual Characteristics

The aim of this study is the investigation of the perceptual and cognitive characteristics of Out-of- Body Experiences (OBEs) induced by hypnotic induction. Five participants selected for their

Hypnotically Induced Out-of-Body Experience

The possibility to induce real out-of-body experiences (OBEs) using hypnotic inductions, with the opportunity to interview participants during their experience, permits to investigate in depth the

Out-of-Body Experience in Virtual Reality Induces Acute Dissociation

An established challenge in studying dissociation is developing effective methodologies to induce dissociative symptomatology in the laboratory. The primary aim of this study was to pilot the

A Brief Review of Studies of Out-of-Body Experiences in both the Healthy and Pathological Populations

This paper presents a brief overview of some of the out-of-body experiences (OBEs) studied in both the healthy and pathological populations, as well as experiences of paranormal phenomena, with

Guest Editorial: On the Potential Role of Psi in an Expanded Science of the Physical, Experiential, and Spiritual

  • C. Tart
  • Education
    Journal of Scientific Exploration
  • 2019
Note: This paper is an experiment for me, so there may be rough spots.  Its basic goal is to share my excitement about possibilities for parapsychological applications to help investigate reality, to

NDE Implications from a Group of Spontaneous Long-Distance Veridical OBEs

Because the OBEs are similar, but the conditions are not, skeptical arguments that depend on physical characteristics of the NDE—such as the use of drugs and extreme physical distress—are weakened.


When embedded in the study of Consciousness and Transpersonal Psychology we tend to focus on theories that try to explain and techniques that try to transform ourselves individually, however, I

Via Kundalini: Psychosomatic excursions in transpersonal psychology

Abstract A model of psychosomatic mysticism (PM) is proposed that reintroduces the body into transpersonal psychology. The argument for PM develops links between transpersonal psychology and

Remote Viewing with and without controlled Out-Of-Body Consciousness

Four participants, chosen for their experience in reaching an Out-of-Body state of consciousness via hypnotic induction, were asked to describe five different and unknown locations, at first using

Transpersonal and Transformative Potential of Out-of-Body Experiences

The aim of the paper is to examine a general nature of out-of-body experiences (OBEs) as described by prior studies as well as present a direct observation and description of phenomenology, semiology



From Lucid Dreaming to Pure Consciousness: A Conceptual Framework for the OBE, UFO Abduction and NDE Experiences

In order to gain a theoretical understanding of the lucid dream, out-of-body experience (OBE), unidentified flying object abduction experience (UFO), and neardeath experience (NDE) it is necessary to

Cultivating Consciousness: Enhancing Human Potential, Wellness, and Healing

Does Further Progress in Consciousness Research Await a Reassessment of the Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science? Getting Clear about Wholeness: A Critical Response to Harman Facilitating the

States of consciousness and state-specific sciences.

The conflict between he relatively new and the relatively new is indeed serious and Blaoklburn's analysis experiences in these ASC's and the atASS that are now h,aving rnch an is valid, but not deep enough.

Five kinds of self‐knowledge

Abstract Self‐knowledge is based on several different forms of information, so distinct that each one essentially establishes a different ‘self. The ecological self is the self as directly perceived

Flight of mind: A psychological study of the out-of-body experience

Review of a book titled "Flight of Mind: A Psychological Study of the Out-of-Body Experience" written by H.J. Irwin. The review summarizes details from Irwin's book, while providing some of the


A new technological model of consciousness is that of computer-generated virtual reality. By wearing goggles containing color TV sets and earphones, a computer can control a person's main sensory

Self-report scales of hypnotic depth.

  • C. Tart
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1970
Thirty-five Ss were asked to scale their depth of hypnosis on a 10-point scale after each suggestibility test item on the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C and these self-reports were highly correlated with measures of hypnotic behavior and experience.

Quick and convenient assessment of hypnotic depth: self-report scales.

  • C. Tart
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1978
Various self-report scales of hypnotic depth are reviewed and the best of these scales are recommended as standard operating procedure in both experimental and applied work with hypnosis.


Zen meditation (ZAZEN) is a spiritual exercise held in the Zen sect of Buddhism that produces changes not only in the mind but also in the body—these influences are of interest to scientific studies, from the stand point of psychology and physiology.

The pathology of boredom.

I f you shake the surface on which a snail is resting, it withdraws into its shell. If you shake it repeatedly, the snail after a while fails to reactIn the same way a sea anemone which is dis­