Situation Awareness Is Adaptive, Externally Directed Consciousness

  title={Situation Awareness Is Adaptive, Externally Directed Consciousness},
  author={Kip Smith and Peter A. Hancock},
  journal={Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society},
  pages={137 - 148}
  • Kip Smith, P. Hancock
  • Published 1 March 1995
  • Computer Science
  • Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
We define situation awareness (SA) as adaptive, externally directed consciousness. This definition dispels the artificial and contentious division evident in the literature, according to which SA is either exclusively knowledge or exclusively process. This misdirected rivalry has more to do with general perspectives on the study of human behavior than with SA itself. Through defining SA as an aspect of consciousness, we hope to clarify two key issues. (1) The source of goals with respect to SA… 

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