Situation Awareness: Proceed with Caution

  title={Situation Awareness: Proceed with Caution},
  author={John M. Flach},
  journal={Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society},
  pages={149 - 157}
  • J. Flach
  • Published 1 March 1995
  • Philosophy
  • Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Situation awareness (SA) is a relatively new concept that has captured the imagination of the human factors community. This new concept is considered in the light of Benton J. Underwood's discussion about psychological concepts. In particular the distinction between SA as a phenomenon description (Level 2 concept) and SA as a causal agent (Level 3 concept) is discussed. The argument that SA is valuable as a phenomenon description draws attention to the intimate interactions between human and… 

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