Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) forests in Atlantic Europe: changes in forest management and possible consequences for carbon sequestration

  title={Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) forests in Atlantic Europe: changes in forest management and possible consequences for carbon sequestration},
  author={Bill Mason and Michael P. Perks},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research},
  pages={72 - 81}
  • B. Mason, M. Perks
  • Published 21 March 2011
  • Geography
  • Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Abstract Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) was introduced in Atlantic Europe in the nineteenth century. Forests of this species are the major forest type in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with substantial areas in Norway, France and Denmark. Most forests are managed under a patch clearfelling regime on comparatively short (35–50 years) rotations. However, forest policies in a number of countries seek to increase the structural and species diversity of Sitka spruce forests: such… 
Implementing Continuous Cover Forestry in Planted Forests: Experience with Sitka Spruce (Picea Sitchensis) in the British Isles
Planted forests of Sitka spruce, a non-native species from north-west America, are the major forest type in Great Britain and Ireland. Standard management involves even-aged stands, rotations of
Impact of Sitka spruce on biodiversity in NW Europe with a special focus on Norway – evidence, perceptions and regulations
ABSTRACT The impact of historical and present drivers on biodiversity, particularly species richness and abundance, in afforestation areas concerning non-native tree species is still poorly
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Positive and negative effects on ecosystem services from plantation forestry in Europe have led to conflicts regarding non-native tree species. Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) is the
Alternative models for productive upland forestry.: Model 2: Sitka spruce mixtures with alternative conifers
Upland forestry in Britain is currently dominated by two management models (a) even-aged medium-rotation plantations of predominantly Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis [Bong.] Carr.) and (b)
Proportions of a pine nurse influences overyielding in planted spruce forests of Atlantic Europe
Abstract The wider use of mixtures in planted forests is desirable to increase their resilience against the impacts of climate change and the potential damage caused by abiotic and biotic
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Adapting forests to climate change involves silvicultural measures such as use of a range of species and the fostering of mixed stands. We tested these in a Sitka spruce forest in southern Scotland,
A comparison of Sitka spruce x white spruce hybrid families as an alternative to pure Sitka spruce plantations in upland Britain
Performance of the hybrid families was variable and strongly associated with parentage; selection of both female and male parents should be an important consideration in any future research and breeding programmes.
Light-growth responses of Sitka spruce, Douglas fir and western hemlock regeneration under continuous cover forestry
Abstract Natural regeneration is crucial for silvicultural approaches based on the continuous presence of a forest cover, or Continuous Cover Forestry (CCF). Light is considered one of the most
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Existing approaches for the assessment of forest management intensity lack a widely accepted, purely quantitative measure for ranking a set of forest stands along a gradient of management intensity.
Long-term development of experimental mixtures of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and silver birch (Betula pendula Roth.) in northern Britain
It is suggested that any strategy seeking to increase the long-term representation of broadleaves such as birch in the Caledonian pinewoods will need to create discrete blocks that are large enough to withstand the competitive pressures exerted by the pine.


Factors affecting the establishment of natural regeneration of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) in Ireland.
In Ireland, natural regeneration of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) is becoming common on reforestation sites, especially in the eastern part of the country. The management of this
Growth and carbon stocks of a spruce forest chronosequence in central Europe
Abstract Human induced changes in global environmental conditions are expected to influence or, as it is hypothesised in this study, have already influenced the biomass and growth of forest
Relationships between canopy transmittance and stand parameters in Sitka spruce and Scots pine stands in Britain
Summary The changing emphasis within British forestry from a clearfell/replant system focussed on timber production, to multipurpose forestry encompassing biodiversity and recreation, has resulted in
Carbon stock and stock changes across a Sitka spruce chronosequence on surface-water gley soils
We assessed age-related alterations in carbon (C) stocks and sequestration rates of first rotation Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr) plantations on predominantly surface-water gley soils.
Silviculture of Scottish Forests at a Time of Change
A sustained period of low timber prices is also influencing this process, as managers are more aware both of the high replanting costs involved in plantation silviculture and of the subsidies given to manage stands for nonmarket benefits.
Hotspots of the European forests carbon cycle
This paper is the outcome of a group discussion held at the Savonlinna meeting ‘Management of forest ecosystems and its impact on the GHG budget’. The aim of this break-out group discussion was to
Changes in the management of British forests between 1945 and 2000 and possible future trends: Changes in British forest management
The next decades are likely to see a greater range of silvicultural systems being practised in British woodlands and the development of more mixed woodland, which may also ensure greater resilience against climate change.
Developing silvicultural systems based on partial cutting in western hemlock-Sitka spruce stands of southeast Alaska
Analysis of the data did not detect significant changes in tree species composition, stand growth, hemlock dwarf mistletoe infection and incidence of tree wounding or mortality rates with partial cuts.
The effects of transformation of even-aged stands to continuous cover forestry on conifer log quality and wood properties in the UK
The main conclusion of this review is that transformation to continuous cover forestry will not lead to a reduction or improvement in the quality of timber being produced in forests in the UK, and the main effect will probably be to increase the variation of log sizes and wood properties that are available in the market.
Assessing trade-offs between carbon sequestration and timber production within a framework of multi-purpose forestry in Austria
Numerous studies have analyzed the carbon sequestration potential of forests and forest management. However, most studies either focused on national and supra-national scales or on the project level