Sir Victor Horsley (1857-1916): pioneer of neurological surgery.

  title={Sir Victor Horsley (1857-1916): pioneer of neurological surgery.},
  author={T. C. Tan and Peter McL. Black},
  volume={50 3},
          607-11; discussion 611-2
Immortalized in surgical history for the introduction of "antiseptic wax," Sir Victor Horsley played a pivotal role in shaping the face of standard neurosurgical practice. His contributions include the first laminectomy for spinal neoplasm, the first carotid ligation for cerebral aneurysm, the curved skin flap, the transcranial approach to the pituitary gland, intradural division of the trigeminal nerve root for trigeminal neuralgia, and surface marking of the cerebral cortex. A tireless… 

American views of Sir Victor Horsley in the era of Cushing.

Examining contemporary views of Horsley to assess what his actual reputation was in the US and Canada found that he was viewed favorably by those who had met him, and frequent publication of his views in the American media suggests that medical professionals and the public in theUS valued his contributions on scientific as well as social issues.

Sir Victor Horsley: pioneer craniopharyngioma surgeon.

According to the evidence provided in Giovanni Verga's monograph, it can be claimed that Sir Victor Horsley was not only the pioneers of pituitary gland surgery but also the pioneer of craniopharyngioma surgery.


Victor Horsley's contributions to the experimental and clinical aspects of GSWs to the head are consistent with his other important contributions to neurosurgery and have largely stood the test of time.

Sir Victor Horsley's 19th century operations at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square.

The authors examined the patient records between 1886 and 1899 and found 151 operations performed by Sir Victor Horsley at the National Hospital, including craniotomies, laminectomies, and nerve divisions.

In Search of Victor Horsley

  • P. Parker
  • Medicine
    Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
  • 2006
A completely ambidextrous surgeon, his considerable knowledge of neurosurgery was based on extensive animal research studies and he established for the first time that myxoedema and cretinism could be treated with extracts of the thyroid gland.

A history of Colombian neurosurgery: events, persons, and outcomes that have shaped the specialty in the country.

The primary purpose of this historical survey was to glean relevant lessons from the past that can inform present challenges, inspire new opportunities, and identify professional and societal goals for the future of neurosurgical practice and specialization.

Stereotactic neurosurgery in the United Kingdom: the hundred years from Horsley to Hariz.

The history of stereotactic neurosurgery in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and contemporary contributions to the present day from Bartlett, Richardson, Miles, Thomas, Gill, Aziz, Hariz, and others are summarized.

PART 1 History 1 Historical Overview of Neurosurgery

In this chapter, the underlying theme is that neurosurgery advanced as surgeons obtained a better understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology of the nervous system, a goal that continues to be followed today.

The brainstem and its neurosurgical history

From the first trepanning of the posterior fossa and later finger surgery, to the occurrence of safe entry zones, this paper aims to review how neuroanatomy and brainstem surgery were understood historically, and how the surgical technique evolved from Galen of Pergamon up to the twenty-first century.



One hundred years of epilepsy surgery: Sir Victor Horsley's contribution.

  • D. Taylor
  • Medicine
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
  • 1986
Victor Horsley, then aged 29 years, another brilliant recent recruit to the burgeoning National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic in Queen Square, performed his first brain operation on a patient.

Victor Horsley's surgery for cervical caries and fracture. The Centennial Anniversary.

The status of therapy for cervical fracture and tuberculosis at the close of the 19th century is described to gauge the magnitude of this event as a major contribution to the progress of spinal surgery.

Obstinate valour: the military service and death of Sir Victor Horsley.

  • W. Hanigan
  • Medicine
    British journal of neurosurgery
  • 1994
Victor Horsley's political activism was partially successful in medical reorganization, but his surgical abilities could not be used appropriately in a theatre of operations where infectious disease played a major role.

Introduction of the human Horsley-Clarke stereotactic frame.

Events leading to the development of stereotactic frames and their subsequent use in humans for the treatment of epilepsy, movement disorders, and psychosurgery are reviewed.

Remarks on Ten Consecutive Cases of Operations upon the Brain and Cranial Cavity to Illustrate the Details and Safety of the Method Employed

The method I proposed before, namely, the previous administration of morphine followed by that of chloroform, is proposed, and there is no reason to alter; but, like all kinds ofanaesthesia, it has certain special risks to which it seemsnecessary to draw attention.

Sir Victor Horsley, 1857-1916—Centenary Lecture*

A hundred years ago was born a man who would bear one of the most famous names in surgery. What may have been the ambitions of John Callcott and Rosamund Horsley for this third son we cannot know. It

Explorer's Guide

This book is of great value to anyone, including clinicians, interested in both the neurohistology and functional activity of the peripheral autonomic nervous system, for it contains many important and challenging statements.

Sir Victor Horsley: His Life and Work*

Nothing in Horsley's life does him greater credit than the tearing and characteristically unselfish energy of his work for the Army in the field in the last months of his life, and the passionate logic of his arguments.

Surgical treatment of anterior circulation aneurysms.

The purpose of this paper is to present the results, assessed by an independent observer, of surgical treatment of 428 consecutive patients harbouring aneurysms of the anterior circulation, together

Sir Victor Horsley

By his bold and daring researches in the 'eighties and 'nineties, Horsley created cranial surgery, and laid its foundation so well and truly that all other workers since then have been content to build upon them.