Singularity-Free Breit Equation from Constraint Two-Body Dirac Equations

We examine the relation between two approaches to the quantum relativistic two-body problem: (1) the Breit equation, and (2) the two-body Dirac equations derived from constraint dynamics. In applications to quantum electrodynamics, the former equation becomes pathological if certain interaction terms are not treated as perturbations. The difficulty comes… CONTINUE READING