Promoter region methylation does not account for the frequent loss of expression of the Fas gene in colorectal carcinoma
The influence of cytosine methylation on the cleavage of DNA by the restriction nucleases Sau3A and TaqI has been investigated. Bovine satellite DNA fragments containing a GATCGA sequence, i.e. a Sau3A site overlapping with a TaqI site have been used in this study. The methylation of these fragments has been determined by sequence analysis. It has been found that a TaqI site (TCGA) methylated at cytosine in both DNA strands is still sensitive to double-strand cleavage. A Sau3A site (GATC), however, is rendered resistant to double-strand cleavage by methylation of a single cytosine. Fragments containing the "half-modified" Sau3A site are nicked in the unmethylated DNA strand. It has been shown by sequence analysis of nicked DNA that the single-strand break occurs at the same position which is cleaved in unmodified DNA.