Single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized hydrogen target.

@article{Airapetian2005SinglespinAI,
  title={Single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized hydrogen target.},
  author={A. Airapetian and N. Akopov and Z. Akopov and M. Amarian and A. Andrus and E. Aschenauer and W. Augustyniak and R. Avakian and A. Avetissian and E. Avetissian and A. Bacchetta and P. Bailey and D. Balin and M. Beckmann and S. Belostotski and N. Bianchi and H. Blok and H. B{\"o}ttcher and A. Borissov and A. Borysenko and M. Bouwhuis and A. Bruell and V. Bryzgalov and G. P. Capitani and M. Cappiluppi and T. Chen and G. Ciullo and M. Contalbrigo and P. Dalpiaz and R. Leo and M. Demey and L. Nardo and E. Sanctis and E. Devitsin and P. Nezza and M. D{\"u}ren and M. Ehrenfried and A. Elalaoui-Moulay and G. Elbakian and F. Ellinghaus and U. Elschenbroich and R. Fabbri and A. Fantoni and A. Fechtchenko and L. Felawka and S. Frullani and G. Gapienko and V. Gapienko and F. Garibaldi and K. Garrow and G. Gavrilov and V. Gharibyan and O. Grebeniouk and I. Gregor and C. Hadjidakis and K. Hafidi and M. Hartig and D. Hasch and M. Henoch and W. Hesselink and A. Hillenbrand and M. Hoek and Y. Holler and B. Hommez and I. Hristova and G. Iarygin and A. Ilyichev and A. Ivanilov and A. Izotov and H. Jackson and A. Jgoun and R. Kaiser and E. Kinney and A. Kisselev and T. Kobayashi and M. Kopytin and V. Korotkov and V. Kozlov and B. Krauss and V. Krivokhijine and L. Lagamba and L. Lapiḱas and A. Laziev and P. Lenisa and P. Liebing and L. A. Linden-Levy and W. Lorenzon and H. Lu and J. Lu and S. Lu and B. Ma and B. Maiheu and N. Makins and Y. Mao and B. Mariański and H. Marukyan and F. Masoli and V. Mexner and N. Meyners and T. Michler and O. Mikloukho and C. Miller and Y. Miyachi and V. Muccifora and A. Nagaitsev and E. Nappi and Y. Naryshkin and A. Na{\ss} and M. Negodaev and W. Nowak and K. Oganessyan and H. Ohsuga and A. Osborne and N. Pickert and D. Potterveld and M. Raithel and D. Reggiani and P. Reimer and A. Reischl and A. Reolon and C. Riedl and K. Rith and G. Rosner and A. Rostomyan and L. Rub{\'a}{\vc}ek and J. Rubin and D. Ryckbosch and Y. Salomatin and I. Sanjiev and I. Savin and A. Sch{\"a}fer and C. Schill and G. Schnell and K. P. Schueler and J. Seele and R. Seidl and B. Seitz and R. Shanidze and C. Shearer and T. Shibata and V. Shutov and K. Sinram and W. Sommer and M. Stancari and M. Statera and E. Steffens and J. Steijger and H. Stenzel and J. Stewart and F. Stinzing and P. Tait and H. Tanaka and S. Taroian and B. Tchuiko and A. Terkulov and A. Trzci'nski and M. Tytgat and A. Vandenbroucke and P. B. van der Nat and G. van der Steenhoven and Y. van Haarlem and M. Vetterli and V. Vikhrov and M. Vincter and C. Vogel and J. Volmer and S. Wang and J. Wendland and J. Wilbert and G. Y. Smit and Y. Ye and Z. Ye and S. Yen and B. Zihlmann and P. Żupr{\'a}nski},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2005},
  volume={94 1},
  pages={
          012002
        }
}
Single-spin asymmetries for semi-inclusive electroproduction of charged pions in deep-inelastic scattering of positrons are measured for the first time with transverse target polarization. The asymmetry depends on the azimuthal angles of both the pion (phi) and the target spin axis (phi(S)) about the virtual-photon direction and relative to the lepton scattering plane. The extracted Fourier component sin((phi+phi(S))(pi)(UT) is a signal of the previously unmeasured quark transversity… Expand
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