Single origin of Malagasy Carnivora from an African ancestor

@article{Yoder2003SingleOO,
  title={Single origin of Malagasy Carnivora from an African ancestor},
  author={Anne D. Yoder and Melissa M. Burns and Sarah M. Zehr and Thomas Delefosse and G{\'e}raldine Veron and Steven M. Goodman and John J. Flynn},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2003},
  volume={421},
  pages={734-737}
}
The Carnivora are one of only four orders of terrestrial mammals living in Madagascar today. All four (carnivorans, primates, rodents and lipotyphlan insectivores) are placental mammals with limited means for dispersal, yet they occur on a large island that has been surrounded by a formidable oceanic barrier for at least 88 million years, predating the age of origin for any of these groups. Even so, as many as four colonizations of Madagascar have been proposed for the Carnivora alone. The… 

Asynchronous colonization of Madagascar by the four endemic clades of primates, tenrecs, carnivores, and rodents as inferred from nuclear genes.

A simultaneous reconstruction of phylogeny and age of the four radiations based on a 3.5-kb data set from three nuclear genes supports each as a monophyletic clade, sister to African taxa, and thereby identifies four events of colonization out of Africa.

Ancient DNA from giant extinct lemurs confirms single origin of Malagasy primates.

An ancient DNA analysis of subfossil species from the extinct genera Palaeopropithecus and Megaladapis corroborates the monophyly of endemic Malagasy primates and supports the close relationship of sloth lemurs to living indriids as has been hypothesized on morphological grounds.

Aspects of carnivoran evolution in Africa

The pattern that emerges in this study is that the species of Viverridae and Herpestidae do not generally overlap in ecomorphology where they overlap geographically, which indicates considerable competitive interactions between the families in both Africa and Eurasia.

Historical Biogeography of the Strepsirhine Primates of Madagascar

  • I. Tattersall
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Folia Primatologica
  • 2006
The palaeogeographic evidence for potential land bridge or ‘stepping-stone’ connections with adjacent continents from the Mesozoic through the Cenozoic is examined, and the fossil records and phylogenies of each of Madagascar's mammalian groups are reviewed in an attempt to estimate the minimum number of crossings necessary to produce the island’s current faunal composition.

Origin of Madagascar's extant fauna: A perspective from amphibians, reptiles and other non‐flying vertebrates

Analysis of phylogenetic patterns of some taxa provides indications for a scenario in which the ancestors of the Malagasy clades first arrived by transmarine dispersal from Africa at theMalagasy west coast, and in a second step a subset of them underwent species‐rich radiations into the rainforests.

Two New Species of Mouse Lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Microcebus) from Eastern Madagascar

A recent genetic analysis of mtDNA and nDNA sequence data in Malagasy mouse lemurs revealed the existence of several novel mtDNA clades based on new field sampling, and confirmed their evolutionary divergence from other mouse lemur clades, formally describing them as new species.

Introduction to Carnivora

Carnivora range in diet from pure carnivores to species that specialise on fruit, leaves, and insects, as well as the full spectrum of mixed diets; carnivorans are represented by omnivorous bears, frugivorous raccoons, and even insectivorous hyaenas.

Arrival and diversification of caviomorph rodents and platyrrhine primates in South America.

Considering both the fossil record and these molecular datings, the favored scenarios are a trans-Atlantic migration of primates from Africa at the end of the Eocene or beginning of the Oligocene, and a colonization of South America by rodents during the Middle or Late Eocene.
...

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