Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light

@article{Sun2015SinglechipMT,
  title={Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light},
  author={Chen Sun and Mark T. Wade and Yunsup Lee and Jason S. Orcutt and Luca Alloatti and Michael Georgas and Andrew Waterman and Jeffrey M. Shainline and Rimas Avizienis and Sen Lin and Benjamin R. Moss and Rajesh Kumar and Fabio Pavanello and Amir Atabaki and Henry Cook and Albert J. Ou and Jonathan Leu and Yu-hsin Chen and Krste Asanovi{\'c} and Rajeev J Ram and Milo{\vs} A. Popovi{\'c} and Vladimir M. Stojanovi{\'c}},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2015},
  volume={528},
  pages={534-538}
}
Data transport across short electrical wires is limited by both bandwidth and power density, which creates a performance bottleneck for semiconductor microchips in modern computer systems—from mobile phones to large-scale data centres. [] Key Method To integrate electronics and photonics at the scale of a microprocessor chip, we adopt a ‘zero-change’ approach to the integration of photonics. Instead of developing a custom process to enable the fabrication of photonics, which would complicate or eliminate the…

Computer technology: Silicon chips lighten up

A ' system on a chip' microprocessor that successfully integrates electronics and photonics yet is produced using standard microelectronic chip fabrication techniques and promises a way forward for new fast, low-power computing systems architectures.

Integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics for the next generation of systems on a chip

A way of integrating photonics with silicon nanoelectronics is described, using polycrystalline silicon on glass islands alongside transistors on bulk silicon complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor chips to address the demand for high-bandwidth optical interconnects in data centres and high-performance computing.

On-chip photonic microsystem for optical signal processing based on silicon and silicon nitride platforms

Abstract The explosive growth of data centers, cloud computing and various smart devices is limited by the current state of microelectronics, both in terms of speed and heat generation. Benefiting

Electronic Photonic Integrated Circuits and Control Systems

This work concerns of hybrid and monolithic electronic-photonic system design of photonic-chip-based optical signal processing, and proposes a system identification technique embedded with feedback control for wavelength stabilization and control model in silicon nitride photonic integrated circuits.

Multipurpose silicon photonics signal processor core

A reconfigurable but simple silicon waveguide mesh with different functionalities with a simple seven hexagonal cell structure is demonstrated, which can be applied to different fields including communications, chemical and biomedical sensing, signal processing, multiprocessor networks, and quantum information systems.

Monolithic III–nitride photonic circuit towards on-chip optical interconnection

On the basis of the change in the electric potential of a p–n junction, the mechanism of the simultaneous emission-detection phenomenon is unveiled, and a monolithic III–nitride photonic circuit is fabricated to merge the microprocessor and memory.

Ultrafast Nanowire Lasers as On-Chip Devices

Microchips that operate with light instead of electronics have become a vision that has been a key driver of semiconductor and nano research during the past years. The consequent drive to replace

Experimental characterization of CMOS photonic devices

Current electrical interconnects in super-computers and high-performance processors present a bottleneck in terms of bandwidth and power consumption. A migration to the optical domain in order to

Monolithic Optical Interconnects in Zero-Change CMOS

The SOI CMOS platform enables the integration of photonic components, analog and digital circuits, all on a single chip, to achieve the performance and scalability needed for optical interconnects with Terabits per second data rates for high performance computing and data center applications.

Nano–opto-electro-mechanical switches operated at CMOS-level voltages

It is demonstrated how opto-electro-mechanical effects in micrometer-scale hybrid photonic-plasmonic structures enable light switching under CMOS voltages and low optical losses (0.1 decibel).
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES

Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator

Electro-optic modulators are one of the most critical components in optoelectronic integration, and decreasing their size may enable novel chip architectures, and here a high-speed electro-optical modulator in compact silicon structures is experimentally demonstrated.

A Monolithically-Integrated Chip-to-Chip Optical Link in Bulk CMOS

This work demonstrates a silicon-photonic link with optical devices and electronics integrated on the same chip in a 0.18 μm bulk CMOS memory periphery process, and introduces deep-trench isolation, placed underneath to prevent optical mode leakage into the bulk silicon substrate, and implant-amorphization to reduce polysilicon loss.

Silicon Photonic Circuits: On-CMOS Integration, Fiber Optical Coupling, and Packaging

Recent progress in the packaging of silicon photonic circuits from on-CMOS wafer-level integration to the single-chip package and input/output interconnects is reviewed, focusing on optical fiber-coupling structures comparing edge and surface couplers.

Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips

The various arguments for introducing optical interconnections to silicon CMOS chips are summarized, and the challenges for optical, optoelectronic, and integration technologies are discussed. Optics

A 45nm SOI monolithic photonics chip-to-chip link with bit-statistics-based resonant microring thermal tuning

A new thermal tuning circuit for optical ring modulators enables demonstration of an optical chip-to-chip link for the first time with monolithically integrated photonic devices in a commercial 45nm

Corona: System Implications of Emerging Nanophotonic Technology

This work believes that in comparison with an electrically-connected many-core alternative that uses the same on-stack interconnect power, Corona can provide 2 to 6 times more performance on many memory intensive workloads, while simultaneously reducing power.

Building Manycore Processor-to-DRAM Networks with Monolithic Silicon Photonics

We present a new monolithic silicon photonics technology suited for integration with standard bulk CMOS processes, which reduces costs and improves opto-electrical coupling compared to previous

Photonic Networks-on-Chip for Future Generations of Chip Multiprocessors

Results confirm the unique benefits for future generations of CMPs that can be achieved by bringing optics into the chip in the form of photonic NoCs, as well as a comparative power analysis of a photonic versus an electronic NoC.

Open foundry platform for high-performance electronic-photonic integration.

This paper presents photonic devices with 3 dB/cm waveguide loss fabricated in an existing commercial electronic 45 nm SOI-CMOS foundry process and demonstrates an 8-channel optical microring-resonator filter bank and optical modulators, both controlled by integrated digital circuits.

Packaging challenges for integrated silicon photonic circuits

This paper will present developments made by the group towards achieving scalable fiber and electronic packaging processes that rely on electronic assembly techniques such as flip-chip assembly, and an overview of packaged prototypes being developed within the group for telecom and sensing applications.