Single blind, randomised controlled trial of pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation, vaginal cones, and no treatment in management of genuine stress incontinence in women

@article{B1999SingleBR,
  title={Single blind, randomised controlled trial of pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation, vaginal cones, and no treatment in management of genuine stress incontinence in women},
  author={Kari B{\o} and Trygve Talseth and Ingar Morten K Holme},
  journal={BMJ},
  year={1999},
  volume={318},
  pages={487 - 493}
}
Abstract Objective:To compare the effect of pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation,vaginal cones, and no treatment for genuine stress incontinence. Design:Stratified, single blind, randomised controlled trial. Setting:Multicentre. Participants: 107 women with clinically and urodynamically proved genuine stress incontinence. Mean (range) age was 49.5 (24-70) years, and mean (range) duration of symptoms 10.8 (1-45) years. Interventions: Pelvic floor exercise (n=25) comprised 8-12… 

Single-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Trial of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training, Electrical Stimulation, Vaginal Cones, and No Active Treatment in the Management of Stress Urinary Incontinence

TLDR
Pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation, and vaginal cones are equally effective treatments and are far superior to no treatment in women with urodynamic stress urinary incontinence.

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TLDR
There were similar positive results for treatment with the vaginal cone and pelvic floor muscle training for urinary leakage, pelvic floor Muscle pressure and quality of life for postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence after 6 weeks.

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Multimodal supervised pelvic floor physiotherapy is an effective treatment for persistent postnatal stress urinary incontinence and Pelvic floor muscle function did not improve significantly in either active group.

The effect of pelvic floor exercises performed with EMG biofeedback or a vaginal cone on incontinence severity, pelvic floor muscle strength, and quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence: a randomized, 6-month follow-up study

TLDR
It was concluded that both EMG biofeedback assisted PFME and PFME with a vaginal cone had curative effects on incontinence in patients with SUI and both protocols can be used as acceptable and effective conservative therapy methods in the treatment of women with S UI considering their preference.

Long-term results of a clinical trial comparing isolated vaginal stimulation with combined treatment for women with stress incontinence Resultados a longo prazo de um estudo clínico comparando estimulação vaginal isolada com tratamento combinado para mulheres com incontinência urinária de esforço

TLDR
Vaginal electrical stimulation associated to pelvic floor muscle training did not show better results than vaginal electrical stimulation alone, and patients’ degree of satisfaction immediately, 12 and 96 months post treatment.

Individual and group pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment in female stress urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled pilot study.

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    Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology
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