Single bacterial cell detection with nonlinear rotational frequency shifts of driven magnetic microspheres

  title={Single bacterial cell detection with nonlinear rotational frequency shifts of driven magnetic microspheres},
  author={Brandon H. McNaughton and Rodney R. Agayan and Roy Clarke and Ron G. Smith and Raoul Kopelman},
  journal={Applied Physics Letters},
Shifts in the nonlinear rotational frequency of magnetic microspheres, driven by an external magnetic field, offer a dynamic approach for the detection of single bacterial cells. We demonstrate this capability by optically measuring such frequency shifts when an Escherichia coli attaches to the surface of a 2.0μm magnetic microsphere, thereby affecting the drag of the system. From this change in drag, the nonlinear rotation rate was reduced, on average, by a factor of 3.8. Sequential bacterial… Expand

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