# Single Particle Thermodynamics with Levitated Nanoparticles

@article{Millen2018SinglePT, title={Single Particle Thermodynamics with Levitated Nanoparticles}, author={James Millen and Jan Gieseler}, journal={arXiv: Quantum Physics}, year={2018}, pages={853-885} }

Levitated Nanoparticles have received much attention for their potential to perform quantum mechanical experiments even at room temperature. However, in the regime where the particle dynamics are purely classical there is a lot of interesting physics that can be explored. Here we review the application of levitated nanoparticles as a new experimental platform to explore stochastic thermodynamics in small systems.

## 4 Citations

Optomechanics with Levitated Particles.

- PhysicsReports on progress in physics. Physical Society
- 2019

Optomechanics is concerned with the use of light to control mechanical objects, and trapped mesoscopic particles are the paradigmatic system for studying nanoscale stochastic processes, and have already demonstrated their utility in state-of-the-art force sensing.

Stochastic thermodynamics of nonharmonic oscillators in high vacuum.

- PhysicsPhysical review. E
- 2019

It is shown that the nonequilibrium probability density function for the system's energy is a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution with a closed form time-dependent effective temperature and fractional degrees of freedom and the solvable model satisfies the Crooks fluctuation theorem, as expected.

Direct and Clean Loading of Nanoparticles into Optical Traps at Millibar Pressures

- PhysicsPhotonics
- 2021

Nanoparticles levitated by optical fields under vacuum conditions have applications in quantum science, the study of nanothermodynamics and precision sensing. The existing techniques for loading…

Initiating revolutions for optical manipulation: the origins and applications of rotational dynamics of trapped particles

- PhysicsAdvances in Physics: X
- 2020

ABSTRACT The fastest-spinning man-made object is a tiny dumbbell rotating at 5 GHz. The smallest wind-up motor is constructed from a DNA molecule. Picoliter volumes of fluids are remotely controlled…

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The application of levitated nanoparticles as a new experimental platform to explore stochastic thermodynamics in small systems is reviewed.

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This work reports on the precise control of the nonlinear and stochastic bistable dynamics of a levitated nanoparticle in high vacuum and demonstrates how it can lead to efficient signal amplification schemes, including stochastically resonance.

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Einstein realized that the fluctuations of a Brownian particle can be used to ascertain the properties of its environment. A large number of experiments have since exploited the Brownian motion of…

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It is shown how a levitated nanoparticle in an optical trap inside a cavity can be used to realize a Stirling cycle in the underdamped regime and develops a systematic optimization procedure to determine optimal driving protocols.

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An optically trapped colloidal particle serves as the first realization of a stochastic thermal engine, extending our understanding of the thermodynamics behind the Carnot cycle to microscopic scales…

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The levitated nanoparticle presented here is a versatile experimental platform for studying and simulating a wide range of stochastic processes and testing theoretical models and predictions and in agreement with an analytical model that is free of adjustable parameters.