Single Living Cell Imaging and Spectrum Detection

Abstract

Microscopy is an important tool in biology and medicine, but it is often limited to high numerical aperture (NA) with a short working distance(wd), such as NA = 0.6 then wd < 1 mm. For imaging living cells in culture, a high numerical aperture and long working distance of optical imaging structure is required, and the common microscopy objective is no good… (More)

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