Simultaneous two- and three-component determinations in multicomponent mixtures by extraction-spectrophotometry and thermochromism of ion-association complexes.

Abstract

A selective method of determination of amines and quaternary ammonium salts by solvent extraction and thermochromism of ion-association complexes has been established. The method is based on the formation of ion-association species with tetrabromophenolphthalein ethyl ester and the thermochromism effect in the organic phase at low temperature. The absorbance of the red amine charge-transfer complexes decreases quantitatively (DeltaA) with increase in temperature (DeltaT), and Delta A Delta T is characteristic of a particular species. This characteristic has been applied for the sensitive and selective determination of amines. The absorbance of the blue quaternary ammonium ion-association complexes does not vary with temperature, however, and the quaternary ammonium compounds can be determined without interference by amines because of the disappearance of the red species at 60 degrees . Methylephedrine, diphenhydramine, ephedrine (amines), benzethonium and/or berberine (quaternary ammonium compounds) in two- and three-component mixtures can be determined by using the thermochromism effect. The method is highly selective, sensitive and reproducible.

Cite this paper

@article{Sakai1986SimultaneousTA, title={Simultaneous two- and three-component determinations in multicomponent mixtures by extraction-spectrophotometry and thermochromism of ion-association complexes.}, author={Tsutomu Sakai and Naohito Ohno}, journal={Talanta}, year={1986}, volume={33 5}, pages={415-9} }