Molecular dynamics simulation of the partitioning of benzocaine and phenytoin into a lipid bilayer.
It has been shown that water solubility and octanol/water partition coefficient for a large diverse set of compounds can be predicted simultaneously using molecular descriptors derived solely from a two dimensional representation of molecular structure. These properties have been modelled using multiple linear regression, artificial neural networks and a statistical method known as canonical correlation analysis. The neural networks give slightly better models both in terms of fitting and prediction presumably due to the fact that they include non-linear terms. The statistical methods, on the other hand, provide information concerning the explanation of variance and allow easy interrogation of the models. Models were fitted using a training set of 552 compounds, a validation set and test set each containing 68 molecules and two separate literature test sets for solubility and partition.