Simulation of whiplash trauma using whole cervical spine specimens.

  title={Simulation of whiplash trauma using whole cervical spine specimens.},
  author={Manohar M. Panjabi and Jacek Cholewicki and Kimio Nibu and Lawrence B. Babat and Jiri J. Dvorak},
  volume={23 1},
STUDY DESIGN Whiplash injuries were studied in an experiment using whole cervical spine specimen. OBJECTIVES To develop a whiplash trauma model that uses a whole cervical spine specimen, and to show the feasibility and unique features of such a model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Whiplash trauma has been simulated in biomechanical experiments using volunteers, whole body cadavers, animals, anthropometric dummies, and mathematic models. These experiments require large facilities, are expensive… CONTINUE READING


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