Simulating Coastal Migration in New World Colonization1

  title={Simulating Coastal Migration in New World Colonization1},
  author={T. Surovell},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={580 - 591}
The MV-II component of the Monte Verde site in southern Chile dates between 12,300 and 12,800 radiocarbon years b.p., but best estimates by Dillehay and Pino (1997: 45–49) place the occupation at approximately 12,570 radiocarbon years b.p., thus predating the Clovis complex (11,200 to 10,800 radiocarbon years b.p.) by approximately 1,000–1,200 calendar years (Batt and Pollard 1996; Fiedel 1999; Taylor, Haynes, and Stuiver 1996). A number of additional sites from South America have produced… Expand
The Initial Colonization of North America: Sea Level Change, Shoreline Movement, and Great Migrations
A number of different scenarios have been proposed regarding the origin, timing, and directions initial populations took as they first entered the Americas. In this chapter the major colonizationExpand
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This paper explores the geographic and environmental context of the Southern Dispersal Route, which has been proposed as a migratory route for Homo sapiens from East Africa to Australasia duringExpand
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A demographic model based on the notion of dispersal affected by environmental variability through time and space is presented and the mathematical formula is modified to make the process stochastic to allow the exploration of different demographic conditions under which humans could successfully colonize the Americas. Expand
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The now classic and probably incorrect story of New World colonization begins in Late Pleistocene Siberia, with small a population of foragers migrating across Beringia through an ice‐free corridor and traveling through the interior of North America. Expand
The initial human settlement of Northwest South America during the Pleistocene/Holocene transition: Synthesis and perspectives
The northwestern corner of South America, represented by the current territory of Colombia, is a key region to assess some relevant issues linked with the initial human peopling of the area,Expand
Archaeological Roots of Human Diversity in the New World: A Compilation of Accurate and Precise Radiocarbon Ages from Earliest Sites
A compilation of 63 stratigraphic situations with evidence for human presence and two or more radiocarbon ages older than 10,500 B.P. has been processed to increase the accuracy and precision of theExpand
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This article synthesizes the 2000s-era “peopling of the Americas” data drawn from molecular biology, osteology, and archaeology. Collectively, they suggest that colonization proceeded in two pulses,Expand
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Rapid deployment of the five founding Amerind mtDNA haplogroups via coastal and riverine colonization.
  • A. Fix
  • Geography, Medicine
  • American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2005
The present paper demonstrates through a computer simulation model how colonization along coasts and rivers could have rapidly spread the founding lineages widely through North America. Expand
Early Archaic Fishing (12,600–9,200 cal yr BP) in the Semiarid North Coast of Chile
ABSTRACT We present the results of the analysis of fish remains from an archaeological context (Punta Ñagué) associated with the earliest settlers in the semiarid northern coast of Chile and dated toExpand


Human adaptation at the pleistocene/holocene boundary in Western Canada, 11,000 to 9000 BP
Abstract Most of western Canada was covered by ice until about 12,000 BP. Environments suitable for human habitation were established by about 11,500 BP. The earliest known human occupations date toExpand
Late Quaternary paleoenvironments of Northwestern North America: implications for inland versus coastal migration routes
Abstract Although the long held normative view of New World colonization relies on entrance through an interior ice-free corridor by terrestrially adapted big-game hunters, a recently demonstratedExpand
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The integration of archaeology and paleoecology has allowed a fuller understanding of the history of southern Haida Gwaii and provided insights into the regional history of coastal occupation inExpand
Paleoindian Colonization of the Americas: Implications from an Examination of Physiography, Demography, and Artifact Distribution
Abstract GIS-based, least-cost analyses employing continental scale elevation data, coupled with information on the late glacial location of ice sheets and pluvial lakes, suggest possible movementExpand
Hunter-gatherer foraging and colonization of the Western hemisphere
A foraging model that incorporates the effect that naive fauna would have on the foraging return rates and subsequent residential mobility of those hunter-gatherers who first entered the New World isExpand
Human colonization of the Americas: timing, technology and process
Abstract Geological and archeological research indicates that humans first colonized the Americas with the use of watercraft along the southern coast of the Bering Land Bridge and the western coastExpand
Modelling Paleoindian dispersals
It is reasonable to expect that the global dispersal of modern humans was influenced by habitat variation in space and time; but many simulation models average such variation into a single,Expand
Radiocarbon Age Constraints on Rates of Advance and Retreat of the Puget Lobe of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet during the Last Glaciation
Abstract Calibrated radiocarbon dates of organic matter below and above till of the last (Fraser) glaciation provide limiting ages that constrain the chronology and duration of the lastExpand
Early Humans and Rapidly Changing Holocene Sea Levels in the Queen Charlotte Islands-Hecate Strait, British Columbia, Canada
Marine cores from the continental shelf edge of British Columbia (Canada) demonstrate that sea level at the shelf edge was 153 meters below present 14,000 calendar years ago and more than 30 metersExpand
The Discovery of America
  • Paul S. Martin
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
  • 1973
Should the model survive future findings, it will mean that the extinction chronology of the Pleistocene megafauna can be used to map the spread of Homo sapiens throughout the New World. Expand