Simulated overwintering of encephalitis viruses in diapausing female Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae).

@article{Reisen2002SimulatedOO,
  title={Simulated overwintering of encephalitis viruses in diapausing female Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae).},
  author={William K. Reisen and Laura D Kramer and Robert E. Chiles and Teresa M. Wolfe and Emily-Gene N. Green},
  journal={Journal of medical entomology},
  year={2002},
  volume={39 1},
  pages={226-33}
}
Female Culex tarsalis Coquillett in reproductive diapause were infected per os or by intrathoracic inoculation with western equine encephalomyelitis (WEE) or St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) viruses during "fall," maintained over a simulated "winter," and then tested for virus infection and transmission in vitro and in vivo after "vernal" termination. Exposure of F1 progeny of field-collected females to cool temperatures and short daylength produced females in reproductive diapause that were… CONTINUE READING

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