Similarity of the Effects ofErythritol and Xylitol on SomeRisk Factors of Dental Caries

@article{Mkinen2005SimilarityOT,
  title={Similarity of the Effects ofErythritol and Xylitol on SomeRisk Factors of Dental Caries},
  author={K. M{\"a}kinen and M. Saag and K. Isotupa and J. Olak and R. N{\~o}mmela and E. S{\"o}derling and P. M{\"a}kinen},
  journal={Caries Research},
  year={2005},
  volume={39},
  pages={207 - 215}
}
Several sugar alcohols (polyols) have been promoted as potential sugar substitutes in caries limitation. However, differences in the effects of simple alditol-type sugar alcohol homologues on dental plaque have not been compared in clinical tests. The effects of 6-month use of erythritol (a sugar alcohol of the tetritol type), xylitol (a pentitol) and D-glucitol (sorbitol, a hexitol) were investigated in a cohort of 136 teenage subjects assigned to the respective polyol groups or to an… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
This study aims at demonstrating the effect of erythritol and xylitol lozenges on preventing the new caries lesions and the possible remineralization effect of both polyols on incipient… Expand
ConditionsDental Caries
InterventionDietary Supplement
Effect of three-year consumption of erythritol, xylitol and sorbitol candies on various plaque and salivary caries-related variables.
TLDR
Three-year consumption of erythritol-containing candies by initially 7- to 8-year old children was associated with reduced plaque growth, lower levels of plaque acetic acid and propionic acid, and reduced oral counts of mutans streptococci compared with the consumption of xylitol or sorbitol candies. Expand
Effects of maltitol and xylitol chewing-gums on parameters involved in dental caries development.
TLDR
Sugar free CG sweetened with either maltitol or xylitol can similarly reduce plaque acidogenicity compared to gum base through a decrease in oral bacteria presence. Expand
Effect of Erythritol and Xylitol on Dental Caries Prevention in Children
TLDR
Test the efficacy of long-term, daily intake of erythritol and xylitol candy, compared with sorbitol candy, on the development of enamel and dentin caries lesions in primary school children from southeastern Estonia found it to be significantly lower in the mixed dentition in the erystritol group than in thexylitol or control group. Expand
Sugar Alcohol Sweeteners as Alternatives to Sugar with Special Consideration of Xylitol
TLDR
Partial sugar substitution with polyols is an important dietary tool in the prevention of dental caries that should be used to enhance existing fluoride-based caries prevention programmes. Expand
Exploration of singular and synergistic effect of xylitol and erythritol on causative agents of dental caries
TLDR
Both erythritol and xylitol as well as their combinations inhibit the growth of different cariogenic bacteria and biofilm formation of mutans streptococci is also strongly inhibited. Expand
Sugar Alcohols, Caries Incidence, and Remineralization of Caries Lesions: A Literature Review
  • K. Mäkinen
  • Medicine
  • International journal of dentistry
  • 2010
TLDR
Based on known molecular parameters of simple dietary alditols, it is conceivable to predict that their efficacy in caries prevention will follow the homologous series, that is, that the number of OH-groups present in the alditol molecule will determine the efficacy as follows: erythritol ≥ xylitol > sorbitol. Expand
Xylitol Content in Dental Care and Food Products Available on the Polish Market and Their Significance in Caries Prevention
TLDR
It is emphasized that more detailed trials are necessary to answer the question whether it is xylitol that is relevant in caries prevention or the alteration of habits – lessened sucrose intake or its complete substitution with a sweetener and the act of chewing, which stimulates salivation. Expand
Long-Term Effect of Xylitol Gum Use on Mutans Streptococci in Adults
TLDR
Chewing xylitol gum for 6 months continued to inhibit the growth of mutans streptococci in adults and differences in relative change of amount of plaque during the experimental period were not statistically significant between the groups. Expand
The Latest on Sugar Substitutes of the Alditol Type with Special Consideration of Erythritol and Xylitol―Rectifications and Recommendations
TLDR
The present review emphasizes the oral biologic significance of the xylitol-associated shift observed in the biology of the oral biofilm (dental plaque): from carbohydrate dominance to one where nitrogen metabolism plays an important role. Expand
Erythritol Is More Effective Than Xylitol and Sorbitol in Managing Oral Health Endpoints
TLDR
Evidence is provided demonstrating better efficacy of erythritol compared to sorbitol and xylitol to maintain and improve oral health. Expand
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TLDR
The results suggest that systematic use of xylitol–containing saliva stimulants may be more effective in controlling some oral–hygiene–related and caries–associated parameters than similar use of erythritol–containing products. Expand
Effect of xylitol and sorbitol in chewing-gums on mutans streptococci, plaque pH and mineral loss of enamel.
TLDR
The results showed that an increased concentration of xylitol in the gum resulted in a lower number of mutans streptococci in both saliva and dental plaque, although the decreases were only significant in the saliva samples. Expand
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TLDR
After the use of the dentifrices twice daily for 3 months, the levels of mutans streptococci had not changed significantly in the sorbitol-treated group, whereas a significant reduction was found in subjects using the xylitol/glycerol dentifrice. Expand
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TLDR
The microbial data showed no differences between the 4 periods, but the mutans streptococcus counts in saliva decreased after the xylitol period in contrast to the 3 other periods, and the plaque index gave lower scores compared to the other 3 periods. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
Xylitol consumption modifies the mutans streptococci distribution between the dental plaque and the saliva and suggests that an unknown characteristic of the XR mutants allows them to be more easily shed into the saliva from the plaque than the xylitol-sensitive parental strains. Expand
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TLDR
The results suggest that xylitol-containing saliva stimulants may be more effective than sorbitol-containing products in controlling some caries-associated parameters in people who are mentally disabled. Expand
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