Silver-Catalyzed Isocyanide-Isocyanide [3+2] Cross-Cycloaddition Involving 1,2-Group Migration: Efficient Synthesis of Trisubstituted lmidazoles.

Abstract

Imidazole ring is an important five-membered aromatic heterocycle that is widely present in natural products and synthetic molecules. The isocyanide-isocyanide [3+2] cross-cycloaddition reaction constitutes a straightforward method to access imidazoles starting from the easily available chemicals. So far, only three successive reports are known and all lead to the formation of 1,4-disubstituted imidazoles. Here, we report the first isocyanide-isocyanide [3+2] cross-cycloaddition reaction allowing for the formation of 1,4,5-trisubstituted imidazoles under silver catalysis. An unexpected 1,2-migration of sulfonyl, alkoxycaybonyl, and carbamoyl groups took place during the cyclization process that is responsible for the formation of trisubstituted imidazoles. This report displayed a mechanistically novel synthetic method toward a variety of imidazole derivatives, which are otherwise difficult to access by conventional methods.

DOI: 10.1002/asia.201601024

Cite this paper

@article{Wang2016SilverCatalyzedI, title={Silver-Catalyzed Isocyanide-Isocyanide [3+2] Cross-Cycloaddition Involving 1,2-Group Migration: Efficient Synthesis of Trisubstituted lmidazoles.}, author={Hongwei Wang and Rapolu Kiran Kumar and Yang Yu and Lin Zhang and Zhaohong Liu and Peiqiu Liao and Xihe Bi}, journal={Chemistry, an Asian journal}, year={2016}, volume={11 20}, pages={2841-2845} }