Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope

@article{Foster2008SiliconchipbasedUO,
  title={Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope},
  author={Mark A. Foster and Reza Salem and David F. Geraghty and Amy C. Turner-Foster and Michal Lipson and Alexander L. Gaeta},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2008},
  volume={456},
  pages={81-84}
}
With the realization of faster telecommunication data rates and an expanding interest in ultrafast chemical and physical phenomena, it has become important to develop techniques that enable simple measurements of optical waveforms with subpicosecond resolution. State-of-the-art oscilloscopes with high-speed photodetectors provide single-shot waveform measurement with 30-ps resolution. Although multiple-shot sampling techniques can achieve few-picosecond resolution, single-shot measurements are… 
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