Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis

@article{Kayser2005SignificantGD,
  title={Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis},
  author={Manfred Kayser and Oscar Lao and Katja Anslinger and Christa Augustin and Grazyna Bargel and Jeanett Edelmann and Sahar Elias and Marielle Heinrich and J{\"u}rgen Henke and Lotte Henke and Carsten Hohoff and Anett Illing and Anna Jonkisz and Piotr Kuźniar and Arleta Lebioda and R{\"u}diger Lessig and Sławomir Lewicki and Agnieszka Maciejewska and Dorota Monies and Ryszard Pawlowski and Micaela Poetsch and Dagmar Schmid and Ulrike Schmidt and Peter M. Schneider and Beate Stradmann-Bellinghausen and Reinhard Szibor and Rudolf Wegener and Marcin Woźniak and Magdalena Zoledziewska and Lutz Roewer and Tadeusz Dobosz and Rafał Płoski},
  journal={Human Genetics},
  year={2005},
  volume={117},
  pages={428-443}
}
To test for human population substructure and to investigate human population history we have analysed Y-chromosome diversity using seven microsatellites (Y-STRs) and ten binary markers (Y-SNPs) in samples from eight regionally distributed populations from Poland (n=913) and 11 from Germany (n=1,215). Based on data from both Y-chromosome marker systems, which we found to be highly correlated (r=0.96), and using spatial analysis of the molecular variance (SAMOVA), we revealed statistically… 
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