Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis

  title={Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis},
  author={Manfred Kayser and Oscar Lao and Katja Anslinger and Christa Augustin and Grazyna Bargel and Jeanett Edelmann and Sahar Elias and Marielle Heinrich and J{\"u}rgen Henke and Lotte Henke and Carsten Hohoff and Anett Illing and Anna Jonkisz and Piotr Kuźniar and Arleta Lebioda and R{\"u}diger Lessig and Sławomir Lewicki and Agnieszka Maciejewska and Dorota Monies and Ryszard Pawłowski and Micaela Poetsch and Dagmar Schmid and Ulrike Schmidt and Peter M. Schneider and Beate Stradmann-Bellinghausen and Reinhard Szibor and Rudolf Wegener and Marcin Woźniak and Magdalena Zoledziewska and Lutz Roewer and Tadeusz Dobosz and Rafał Płoski},
  journal={Human Genetics},
To test for human population substructure and to investigate human population history we have analysed Y-chromosome diversity using seven microsatellites (Y-STRs) and ten binary markers (Y-SNPs) in samples from eight regionally distributed populations from Poland (n=913) and 11 from Germany (n=1,215). Based on data from both Y-chromosome marker systems, which we found to be highly correlated (r=0.96), and using spatial analysis of the molecular variance (SAMOVA), we revealed statistically… 

Y-Chromosome Genetic Analysis of Modern Polish Population

It was confirmed that the Polish population is characterized by a high degree of homogeneity, with only slight genetic differences being observed at the regional level, and the use of regional clustering as an alternative to counties and voivodeships provided a more detailed view of the genetic structure of the population.

Similarities and distinctions in Y chromosome gene pool of Western Slavs.

Significant differences between Y chromosome pools of Czechs and Slovaks compared to other Slavic and European populations are observed and a specific group of Y-STR haplotypes belonging to an R1a haplogroup seems to be shared by Slavic populations dwelling in Central Europe.

Mitochondrial DNA variability of the Polish population

Results of the present study showed that Poles are characterized by the main West Eurasian mtDNA haplogroups and can be considered as genetically homogenous but with slight differences, highlighted at the regional level.

Contemporary population genetics data for 23 Y-STR loci in the general Bosnian-Herzegovinian population

This study offers representative data for local Y chromosomes that can be used for forensic applications, paternity and kinship testing, as well as for genealogical studies and offers significantly increased resolution and information content, with 454 unique haplotypes.

Boundaries and clines in the West Eurasian Y-chromosome landscape: insights from the European part of Russia.

Significant but low correlations between haplogroup frequencies and the geographic location of populations are found, suggesting gradual change in the Y chromosome gene pool across western Eurasia.

Temporal differentiation across a West-European Y-chromosomal cline: genealogy as a tool in human population genetics

The temporal pattern of the ‘autochthonous’ micro-geographical genetic structure in the region of Brabant in Belgium and the Netherlands is studied to test the approach to disentangle signals of historical population genetic structures.

Y-STR variation among Slavs: evidence for the Slavic homeland in the middle Dnieper basin

The central position of the population of Ukraine in the network of insignificant AMOVA comparisons, and the lack of traces of significant contribution of ancient tribes inhabiting present-day Poland to the gene pool of Eastern and Southern Slavs, support hypothesis placing the earliest known homeland of Slavs in the middle Dnieper basin.



Homogeneity and distinctiveness of Polish paternal lineages revealed by Y chromosome microsatellite haplotype analysis

The data are consistent with the assumption of homogeneity of present-day paternal lineages within Poland and their distinctiveness from other parts of Europe, at least in respect to their Y-STR haplotypes.

Mitochondrial DNA and Y‐Chromosome Variation in the Caucasus

Overall, the Caucasus groups showed greater similarity with West Asian than with European groups for both genetic systems, although this similarity was much more pronounced for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA, suggesting that male‐mediated migrations from West Asia have influenced the genetic structure of Caucasus populations.

Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.

These patterns retain a strong signal of expansion from the Near East but also suggest that the demographic history of Europe has been complex and influenced by other major population movements, as well as by linguistic and geographic heterogeneities and the effects of drift.

Signature of recent historical events in the European Y-chromosomal STR haplotype distribution

It is concluded that Y-STRs may be capable of resolving male genealogies to an unparalleled degree and could therefore provide a useful means to study local population structure and recent demographic history.

Y chromosomal DNA variation and the peopling of Japan.

Four loci mapping to the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome were genotyped in Japanese populations from Okinawa, the southernmost island of Japan; Shizuoka and Aomori on the main island of Honshu; and a small sample of Taiwanese, confirming the irregular distribution of this polymorphism in Asia.

High level of male-biased Scandinavian admixture in Greenlandic Inuit shown by Y-chromosomal analysis

Comparison of the European component of Inuit Y chromosomes with European population data suggests that they have their origins in Scandinavia, and the extreme sex bias in the admixture makes the later event more likely as the source.

The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity

This study reports the frequencies of 23 Y-chromosome biallelic polymorphism haplotypes in 1,935 men from 49 Eurasian populations, with a particular focus on Central Asia.

Y chromosome evidence for Anglo-Saxon mass migration.

Using novel population genetic models that incorporate both mass migration and continuous gene flow, it is concluded that these striking patterns are best explained by a substantial migration of Anglo-Saxon Y chromosomes into Central England but not into North Wales.

Asian online Y-STR Haplotype Reference Database.

Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in europe.

Haplogroup I, the only major clade of the Y phylogeny that is widespread over Europe but virtually absent elsewhere, is analyzed, in detail, and it is revealed that it underwent a postglacial expansion and marked the human colonization of Sardinia approximately 9,000 years ago.