Significance of l‐carnitine for human health

@article{AdevaAndany2017SignificanceOL,
  title={Significance of l‐carnitine for human health},
  author={Mar{\'i}a M. Adeva-Andany and Isabel Calvo‐Castro and Carlos Fern{\'a}ndez-Fern{\'a}ndez and Crist{\'o}bal Donapetry-Garc{\'i}a and Ana Mar{\'i}a Pedre-Pi{\~n}eiro},
  journal={IUBMB Life},
  year={2017},
  volume={69}
}
Carnitine acyltransferases catalyze the reversible transfer of acyl groups from acyl‐coenzyme A esters to l‐carnitine, forming acyl‐carnitine esters that may be transported across cell membranes. l‐Carnitine is a wáter‐soluble compound that humans may obtain both by food ingestion and endogenous synthesis from trimethyl‐lysine. Most l‐carnitine is intracellular, being present predominantly in liver, skeletal muscle, heart and kidney. The organic cation transporter‐2 facilitates l‐carnitine… 

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